Data idea invierno

Quiero volver a ver montañas Gandalf! - Mochilerismo 101

2020.06.03 19:00 leojg Quiero volver a ver montañas Gandalf! - Mochilerismo 101

Ya van un par de buriceps que me preguntan como es esto de viajar como mochilero, con poca cosa. Que todas tus pertenencias se reduzcan a lo que entra en tu mochila y poder viajar a donde tus pies y tu coraje te lleven(?).
Como ahora mismo me encuentro recorriendo los caminos de la patria, en parte porque la situación mundial no me permite salir afuera, me parece un buen momento para contarles un par de tips por si también quieren agarrar una mochila e irse a saciar su sed de aventura
1- A donde vas?
Hay gente que va a Tres Cruces(o cualquier terminal del mundo) y pregunta por el proximo bus a cualqueir lugar. Yo no, yo busco medianamene que hay de interesante en el país o region a donde quiero ir. En el caso de Uruguay para nosotros es fácil, porque tenemos una idea al menos general de que hay en cada departamento y si vale o no la pena visitarlo. De todas formas, capaz que querés visitar Colonia, pero haciendo una busqueda rápida descubris que Colonia no es solo la ciudad vieja sino que todo el departamento tiene lugares interesantes para ver, como las colonias suizas, Carmelo, etc.
Supongamos que sos un ignorante total del país, en ese caso hace una busqueda rápida en google, Que hay para ver en uruguay? Y listo, ahi tenes para buscar. Alternativamente, estos sitios te van a dar algo de info:
https://www.budgetyourtrip.com/uruguay
https://en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Uruguay
https://reddit.com/uruguay (shocking right?)
Listo, con eso ya debes saber a donde queres ir.
2- Como vas?
Capaz que queres ir a Villa Serrana, en Lavalleja, tremendo pueblito entre los cerros. Bueno, en Tres Curces no te venden un ticket a Villa Serrana.
Podes buscar en sitios como estos:
https://www.rome2rio.com/
https://urubus.com.uy/?lang=es
Ojo, tomar la data de ahi con pinzas, a veces no es 100% confiable.
Pero pero… y si no aparece nada? Bueno, capaz que hay una linea local y no aparece en esos sitios porque no tienen ni web(en el caso de Villa Serrana es así, sale 2 veces de Minas, si no me equivoco)
Y si no hay nada, bueno el autostop es bastante fácil en uruguay, segun esto:
https://hitchwiki.org/en/Uruguay
3- Que llevas?
Ahora si, llegamos a la mochila, una pequeña intro, por si no tienen nada de idea, las mochilas miden su capacidad en litros, una mochila tipo de escuela anda en 20 o 30 litros. Una mochila para trekking puede llegar hasta como 80 o 90 litros.
Para mochilear no necesitas 90 litros, en verano te diría que con 40 andas bien y en invierno con 50 o 60, según la duración del viaje, yo ahora ando con una de 50 y tengo otra de 66 litros para viajes más largos o a lugares frios.
Lo que vas a llevar depende de vos, pero mas que 1 par de championes(2 capaz, si queres hacer mucho trekking, lleva unos de trekking), 1 de ojotas, 3 busos, 1 buso grueso, 1 campera y 1 o 2 pantalones no precisas, despues si, ropa interior como para una semana, por las dudas.
Hay una regla que dice, pone todo lo que crees que vas a necesitar ordenado en el piso, o arriba de una cama y despues reducilo a la mitad. O sea, si pusiste 4 busos, saca 2.
Generalmente usamos mucha menos ropa de la que pensamos, yo al principio iba con 6 busos, 3 pantalones, etc, al pedo, podes viajar con mucho menos.
Ah y como bien dice la guia del autoestopista espacial, una toalla y una frazadita por las dudas.
Yo laburo remoto, asique también llevo una laptop, teléfonos y una cantidad exagerada de cables, pero me parece que no es necesario.
4- Ya está?... Si ya está.
5- Profit
Bueno, no hay mucho más misterio que eso. Sali, viaja, celebrá como en el interior te podes clavar una milanga mas grande que el plato por mucho menos de lo que te sale en Montevideo.
Note: Lo trate de hacer medio relacionado a Uruguay para que no me lo bajen. Espero que no me lo bajen.
Se puede completar mas, si se puede, hay miles de recursos, blogs, canales de youtube, comunidaes, etc sobre viajes, minimalismo y toda la bola.
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2020.02.16 01:53 hoffer2 Connection WHM to biophotons, quantum mechanics, LSD and consciousness.

Sorry for the long text, but hope I can ignite some interesting philosophical talk about WHM, biophotons, quantum mechanics, and consciousness.
99% JUNK DNA: As the Human Genome Project ended in 2003, it was found out that only 1% of DNA sequences are translated into proteins. The remaining 99% of the genome has been qualified as Junk-DNA.
JUNK DNA VIBRATION SOURCE OF BIOPHOTONS: Recently biophysicists demonstrated the vibrating behavior of the Junk-DNA as the major source of ultra-weak light emission, also called biophotons.
JUNK DNA - BIOPHOTONS - CONSCIOUSNESS: Although this might sound like fiction, more researchers are looking more specifically at the junk-DNA, neuronal structures and biophoton emission because they offer much more legitimate explanations for the expression of consciousness.
BIOPHOTONS - CONSCIOUSNESS Microtubules are the internal scaffolding inside cells, providing structural support but also creating highways along which molecular machines transport freight around the cell. They’re extraordinary things. Could it be that they also work like optical fibres?
Maybe. It' suggested that the light channelled by microtubules can help to co-ordinate activities in different parts of the brain. It’s certainly true that electrical activity in the brain is synchronised over distances that cannot be easily explained. Electrical signals travel too slowly to do this job, so something else must be at work.
Already 15 years ago, Roger Penrose suggested that consciousness is essentially a phenomenon of quantum mechanics and that microtubules were the medium in which quantum mechanics takes place.
It's all about "coherence". All the biophotons of a body/brain form a coherent energy field. "Quantum entanglement" might be the source of this coherence. Quantum entanglement is a fundamental property of spacetime. It is probably also the fundamental origin of the arrow of time we experience everyday. So might this be what connects our consciousness to spacetime itself?
HALLUCINATORY DRUGS ARE FLUORESCENT AND THEREFORE INTERFERE WITH BIOPHOTONS AND THUS CONSCIOUSNESS: It's interesting that most molecules involved in mood reaction (tryptophan, phenylalanine, thyrosine) and hallucination (LSD, psylocibine, harmine) have strong fluorescence properties and therefore should interfere with biophotons (and thus consciousness?)!!!!!!!!!!!
I am not here to discredit the amazing transcedental experiences WHM practioners are having. Or to reduce those experiences to pure chemical/material processes. No, on the contrary. Just like with LSD these stress-induced biophotons distort our consciousness. Maybe this gives us access to othedeeper areas of the brain.
Of course the hypoxic state triggers fight/flight responses in our brain's more primitive parts. Which subsequently create adrenaline and other hormones. But by breathing deep and slowly (intentionally/controlled) we can learn to overrule these bahavioural patterns and create new neural pathways based on conscious intention instead of instinctive autopilot reflexes. The breath is both automatic and voluntarily. Both primitive and rational. It's always been there since we were primitive creatures. Cant go without it for some minutes or you'll die. It's an integral part of our whole being.
So we needto learn to integrate these deeper parts of our brain and behaviour into our consciousness. We become integrated. A person with integrity. A person that says what it thinks and does what it says. The primitive brain's impulses aren't let loose and denied but instead are mastered and evolved into a healthy condition together with the neo-cortex' neurology. There's no need for emotions like jealousy or pride. That all comes from denying your fears. Face your fears. And overcome the irrational ones, instead of changing your behaviour and creating a split personality. No ego. Integrity means following your moral and doing the right thing in all circumstances, even if no one is watching you. Having integrity means you are true, there are no 2 sides to you. No duality.
I think it's very ironic that a creature whose fundamental reason to exist is "coherence", is even able to have such an incoherent and dualistic ego.
HOLOTROPIC/SHAMANIC BREATHING LSD: Dr. Stanislav Grof, inventor of transpersonal psychology, pioneer of LSD psychotherapy, and the world’s leading expert on Non-Ordinary States of Consciousness. One of the first psychotherapists to use LSD in research environments in the 60s to study altered states of consciousness. Holotropic Breathwork was developed by Dr. Grof as a non-drug alternative to reaching altered states of consciousness. When doing Holotropic Breathwork, one breathes in such a way as to flood the body with oxygen. A buildup of oxygen in the blood in combination with evocative music and a special set and setting causes the breather to experience a sort of trip. Some practitoners have even stated it to be similar to a LSD trip. People stated they could get to blocked trauma's, regression to their birth, and even beyond to past lives...
OXIDATIVE STRESS INCREASES BIOPHOTONS: Chemi-excitation via oxidative stress by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a common event in the biomolecular milieu. Such reactions can lead to the formation of tripletexcited species, which release photons upon returning to a lower energy level in a process analogous to phosphorescence. That this process is a contributing factor to spontaneous biophoton emission has been indicated by studies demonstrating that biophoton emission can be increased by depleting assayed tissue of antioxidants or by addition of carbonyl derivatizing agents. Further support is provided by studies indicating that emission can be increased by addition of reactive oxygen species.
OXIDATIVE STRESS AND HYPOXIA: Under normal cellular conditions there is a constant balancing act between the creation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their elimination by the antioxidant system.
It has been demonstrated that acute hypoxia (insufficient oxygen in the tissues) induces increased production of ROS in the brain by altering the activity of the cytochrome chain responsible for mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation.
HEAT SHOCK INCREASES BIOPHOTONS: Heat shock induces biophoton emissions, which means that luminescence in biological tissues increases greatly when the temperature is increased rapidly. This phenomenon can be attributed to the generation of ROS, which can be used to infer the degree of stress in the organism.
AND COLD STRESS ALSO: Low temperatures provoke increased production of heat accompanied by increased respiration, oxygen consumption and the production of partially reduced oxygen species called ROS. ROS induce different forms of cellular oxidative damage, disturb the redox state and can change the activity of several metabolic enzymes. Organisms have developed a functionally connected set of anti-oxidant enzymes and low molecular mass compounds (together termed the ADS) that metabolise primary ROS. If ROS production within cells overwhelms the ADS, oxidative damage arises and oxidative stress can occur. Blagojevic et al. (2011) showed that short-time exposure to cold leads to oxidative stress; however as it persists the organisms develop some adaptive changes toward reducing ROS formation and increasing the antioxidant action.
CONCLUSION: So hypoxia leads to oxidative stress, and increased biophoton emissions (cell's stress signals) in the brain. LSD and other hallucinatory drugs have fluorescent properties and therefore interfere with biophotons. And biophotons might play a role in consciousness through microtubuli in neural cell skeletons. So basically when you interfere with biophotons of our consciousness (in microtubuli of our neural cells in your brain) you can expect hallucinatory phenomenons (like with LSD). And hypoxia is also known to give hallucinogenic effects. But now we know why... Hypoxia induces oxidative stress, which increases biophoton emissions in the brains cells. These might interfere with the possible biophotonic systems in the brains neural cell's microtubuli that play a role in "coherent" consciousness and quantum entanglement phenomenon.
Similarly to hypoxia, cold exposure is a stressor that also increases stress in the body. Resulting in increased oxidative stress. This increases the cells' stress signal: again increased biophoton emissions.
WHAT TO DO?
MEDITATION LOWERS BIOPHOTON EMISSIONS: Data indicated that UPE (ultraweak photon emissions) changes after meditation. In 1 subject with high pre-meditation values, UPE decreased during meditation and remained low in the postmeditation phase. In the other subjects, only a slight decrease in photon emission was found. In general, meditation seems to influence the complex interactions of oxidative and anti-oxidative reactions which regulate photon emission.
This is exactly what the WHM does: evoke a stressful situation, cold exposure or hypoxia, to induce an oxidative stress, that's characterized by the body's increased biophoton emission. And use meditation, breathing and intention to take back control.
QUANTUM NONLOCALITY - BIOPHOTONS - LIVING SYSTEMS - EVOLUTION - COHERENCE - CONSCIOUSNESS:
The experimental evidence is constantly growing for the supposition "A biophoton signal is a quantum photon signal in a squeezed state".
Firstly, a living system becomes a macroscopic quantum system possessing counterintuitive non-local holistic properties.
In living systems non-local quantum effects from the microscopic quantum mechanical realm are extended into the macroscopic realm of classical mechanics.
This is accomplished through growth. Life begins as a single cell in the microscopic realm. When it grows it keeps the nonlocal quantum features on which its existence depends. It actually grows upon these features and evolves around it as it grows into a larger organism. The nonlocal quantum features become the unifying and binding factor for the organism and its consciousness at large.
Hard facts of Biophotons: All living systems continuously emit photons with many unexpected features. The unexpected features of biophoton signals are routinely measured in laboratories scattered through out the world. Popp suggested that unexpected features manifest a special property of living systems. It is called “coherence”. The word coherence is derived from a Greek word cohere that means to act together. Coherence of a system therefore, implies that the system has sub units, which act together to produce one or more observable effects.
How does growth in living systems extend nonlocal quantum effect into the classical realm of the organism? I think it is similar to a processes called evolutionary (or genitic) algorithms.
The next article explains this process and an emerging coordinating field-effect that might be similar to how living systems might grow nonlocal quantum effects into their large classical organism: https://www.damninteresting.com/on-the-origin-of-circuits/
The next article shows a similar phenomenon, but this time it's inside the circuitry of our brain: https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/neurobiologists-find-weak-electrical-fields-brain-help-neurons-fire-together-1671
Next to fields, the neurons also seem to be able to transfer biophotons:
"Interestingly, it has been recently indicated that neurons can act like optical fibers and may able to conduct light associated with biophoton emission ( Kumar et al., 2016), indicating that the brain can be seen as a huge photonic signaling network enabling the transmission of light between neurons efficiently with a higher speed than electrical and chemical signals. Experimental support for this hypothesis has been published recently, showing that a single neuron is generally able to transmit light ( Sun et al., 2010). "
PROOF OF COHERENCE FIELD IN ANIMAL GROWTH: "There is still what to learn from Prof. Burr’s measurements of the electromagnetic field of living beings in the 1930s, almost 100 years after. Prof. Burr believed that all life forms not only exhibit electromagnetic properties, but in his words these properties are “the organizing principle” that keeps living tissues from shifting into a chaotic state. Now, we call his “organizing principle” “self-organizing force” and we know that this self-organizing force is electromagnetic in nature and it is nonlinear, which means it does not dissipate. This nonlinear elec- tromagnetic field (NEMF) is very weak (measured in millivolts or milliamperes, which is a millionth part of the volt or ampere). It has informational character and organizes all the cells in the body into one organism. It carries the information for the development of the whole organism and later rules and regulates its functioning.
When measuring the electric characteristics of salamander eggs, Prof. Burr found that even unfertilized egg is electrically polarized – one end has higher electric potential than the other. What he noticed is that after fertilization always from the end with higher electric potential the head of the salamander will develop and from the end with lower electric potential the tail of the salamander will develop. This means that the NEMF is always there – it is present in the unfertilized salamander egg as well. "
So could this polarity field be the link between quantum coherence and how living beings use this to grow, and how they grow this quantum coherence phenomenon itself into the macroscopic realm?
Life is maybe like a russian matrushka doll. Each layer fits exactly into the previous layer, and is a scaled up version. Our quantum, atomic, molecular, chemical, neural, psychological bodies all fit tightly together and might scale up the quantum effects.
DNA - BIOPHOTONS - ELECTRIC FIELD POLARITY "According to another theory, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the main source of the UPE phenomenon. (I mentioned this earlier in the junk-DNA part). A consistent electromagnetic field is found in the DNA that becomes the basis from which these photons are emitted.Electrical polarity is found in the majority of biological molecules, consisting of electric dipoles and/or multipoles; this consistent polarity generates vibrations, probably emphasized by the presence of water, consequently generating an electromagnetic field. The chromosome behaves like a laser emitter, like a modeled structure to emit quantum images expressed as photons, which will then be organized into morphogenetic information. We do not currently have any real evidence that endorses DNA as a main source of UPE."
MORE IDEAS: This polarity field in animals, existent from single egg to fullgrown animal, consisting of positive potential at its head, and negative potential at its tail, covering the area of the brain and the spine, reminds of the position of Kundalini and the chakras in yoga.
This is said aboit Kundalini and Tummo meditation: "True inner religion is reversing the life force away from its lair at the base of the spine and uniting it with the positive pole at the top of the head. When this union happens, enlightenment occurs."
Such Kundalini awakening reminds me of pole shift of the earth.
It also reminds me how ancient cultures had an as-above-so-below paradigm, where the human axis was seen as a representation of the world axis, axis mundi, earth's north/south pole aligned magnetic polarity.
The world tree. Like the Bodhi tree against which the Buddha sat aligned when he reached enlightenment. Spiritual rebirth. Maybe this was an illustrative way of explaining that he aligned his individual consciousness with the universal consciousness.
Btw Budha is etymologically connected with egypts "Ptah".
Remember how the ancient egyptians wanted to resurrect Osiris, by erecting Osiris spine back straight up, in order to restore the paradise or the primordial earth. Think about how the tilted axis of our earth (23,4°) creates our seasons, including our winter season, called "invierno" in spanish, while hell is called " inferno", and paradise was characterized as the land of eternal spring.
Btw. An erect earth axis would have a straight angle of 90° right? 90° - 23.4°= 66.6°.... (666.... what are the odds).
And interesting how this fits into Christianity, that's celebrates Jesus birth, or is it the rebirth of the earth?, when the sun first comes nearer 3 days after the shortest day, december 21st, as a first sign of spring. Conquering death....
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2020.01.23 13:48 juniperpublishers-j Sport, Globalization, Economy, Health, Public Policy and Power- Juniper Publishers

Juniper Publishers- Journal of Physical Fitness, Medicine & Treatment in Sports

First Part

Sports in Globalization

Atypic transnational entertainment and entertainment enterprise (Edtee), governing activity or “Punta” of the world economy and scenario of structural inequality in the distribution of medals-champions and the economic benefits that it produces.

Origin and Physiomics of the Edtee

Established in 1968-1981 and consolidated between 1982-2017, the globalization of sport is its conversion into EDTEE, which works with the logic and dynamics of any transnational and its objective is to produce a profitable, daily and massive show:
“In 2006, it moved US $213 billion in the US and generated 2 and 7 times more profits than the automotive and film industries, respectively ... Globally, in 2014: Generated 1% of GDP ... Its value was 1.5 billion US $, ... equivalent to US exports in one year ... In June 2015, in Europe it generated 1.76% of gross value added and 2.12% of employment and it was estimated that the multiplier effect was 1.22% for the set of the economy ... Worldwide in 2015, accounting for its infrastructure, goods, licenses and events has a value of 643-689,000 million US $, 1% of world GDP ... “ [1].
Its atipicity as a transnational is given by:
a) Its organization-management.
b) Nature of the work force.
c) It is present all over the world.
d) Monopolize the total production of the show.
e) It lacks a centralized power.

Let’s See Its Physiognomy

a. Units of Organization and Management of the Sports Show: World Sports Organization (WSO) or sports government, headed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and FIFA, whose main events are:
b. Olympic Games (0G): Organized-managed by the IOC, which made its commercialization with the “Sponsorship Programs, initiated in the 1988 OG” (Samaranch 2002: 85)? The main sponsors are the World Olympic Partners, who are associated by 3-4 OG, use their image worldwide and are franchises in the Villa.
Olympic the other sponsors have the same rights, but can only operate in the host country and the contract lasts four years. In 2016 they were:
“World Olympic Partners: Cocacola; Atos Origin; General Electric; McDonalds; Omega; Panasonic; Samsung; Visa, Procter Gamble; Dow; Bridgestone. Official Partners: Bradesco; Bradesco Seguros; Correios; N = T; Clear; Embratel; Nissan Official Contributors: Aliansce Shopping Centers; Apex; CISCO; Estàcio; EY; Balloon;. Sadia; Qualy; SKQL; Latam Airlines and Travel: 361º. Suppliers I: Airbnb; AC; CEG; Dica do chef; Balloon; EF Education; Eventim; GREE; ISDS; Karcher; Komeco; Locate Manpowergroup; Microsoft; Mondo; Nielsen; NIKE; OFF !; RGS; Sapore; SEG Gymnastics; Symantec; Technogym; 3 Corações; Riogaleão. Suppliers II: Bauerfeind; Casa da Moeda; EMC; Hospital dos Olhos; Osterscope”.
Simultaneously, the IOC commercialized the transmission rights, in millions of US $:
“In August 1995 the ... American NBC ... committed to pay 1,250 for the rights in the USA of the OG 2000 ... and the OG Invierno 2002 .... Then he proposed: 2,300 for OG 2004-2008 and OG Winter 2006 ... (Jennings, 1996: 279). “Jacques Rogge, President of the IOC between 2001-2013, in ... the financial report before the 2012 General Assembly, pointed out that the IOC already secured 3,600 in TV rights for the Winter W in 2014 and the 2016 OG; He indicated that the goal is to exceed 4,000, more than the 3,900 that they raised with the Winter 2010 and the 2012 OG. For the winter 2018 and the OG 2020, the IOC secured 2,600 ... The main TV partner is NBC, which bought the rights for transmission in the US of 4 Olympics until 2020 by ... 4.380” [2].
World Cup: Organized-managed by FIFA, whose links with companies evolved to the Official Licensing Program in the World Cups (1994). Established the Sponsorship Program 2007- 2014 and in the 2014 World Cup the sponsors were:”Partners: Coca-Cola; Adidas; Sony; Visa; Hyundai and Kia; Fly Emirates... Exclusive sponsors: Budweiser, Castrol, Continental, Johnson & Johnson, McDonald’s, Moy park, Oi and Yingli Solar... National promoters: ApexBrasil, Garoto, Liberty Seguros, Banco Itaú and Wiseup”.
The importance of broadcasting rights was recognized by FIFA in 2004:
“Revenues have not stopped growing. Correspond at the same time the rights of television broadcast... “(Eisenberg, Lanfranchi, Mason and Wahl, 2004: 248). “Until October 2011 the total amount agreed for the period 2015-2022 exceeded US $ 1,850 million... FIFA granted sales representation to Infront Sports & Media in Asia ... Australia: Extension of the contract with SBS. Canada: Rights granted to Bell Media (CTV / TSN / RDS). Caribbean: Extension of the contract with IMC (SportsMax)”.
FIFA’s revenues are specified in its 2011-2014 Financial Report, in millions of US $:
“With income of 5,718 and expenses of 5,380, a positive result of 338 was registered, income increased in relation to 2007-2010 due to the increase in sales of commercialization and transmission rights and the benefits of ticket sales rights that in Previous cycles had been assigned to the Local Organizing Committee, reserves were increased..., reached the 1,523 to the 31-12-2014... The total income is broken down as follows: Events 5,137: 4,308 of the 2014 World Cup (TV Rights: 2,428; Marketing rights: 1,580; Commercialization of rights for corporate hospitality preferential services: 185; Licensing: 115) and 829 for other events... Operating income 271... Financial income 310....

Transnational Professional Clubs endorsed by the ODM

The main event that they organize-manage are the European Football Championships, endorsed by the respective National and European Federations:
“In 2001, Manchester United of England was the most expensive club (1,400 million US $) and was the first to quote on the Stock Exchange. In Spain at the end of the 20th century, football contributed 1% of GDP and, in 1999, in Italy it was the twelfth economic sector “(Altuve [2]: 113 / 115-116). Starting the 21st century, Real Madrid is a Club model: “sponsored in 2008-2009 by Adidas, Audi, Bwin, Mahou Beers, Coca-Cola, Community of Madrid-madrid.org, Rexona For Men, San Miguel, Sanitas, Solán de Cabras and Solaria, is applying a management model that combines the social (UNICEF ambassador) and marketing with the aim of enhancing the exploitation of its brand, transforming its fans into customers”.
The Professional League of Spain promotes globalizing marketing initiatives:
“He installed his first office in Beijing... in 2014, he announced that at the end of 2015 he would open the one in Johannesburg... and New York and Shanghai... With Pepsi Egypt, in October- November 2015; in the summer of 2015... With an organization sponsored by Nike, in the USA...”.
It is appropriate to highlight -in millions US $ -which:
a) 5,525.52 is the income of the 20 Soccer Clubs with the highest income in 2008-2009: Germany, France, Italy, England and Spain.
b) 12,602.2 is the value of the 10 Most Expensive Clubs in 2010: 7 of the USA (6 American football or NFL and 1 baseball), 2 of England and 1 Spain (soccer).
c) 2.072 is the value of the 10 Most Valuable Club Brands in 2010: 51.09% of the value are from 5 football clubs in Europe (2 from England, 2 from Spain and 1 Germany) and the remaining 48.91% to USA (3 of baseball and 2 of NFL) (Altuve, 2018: 104-106 / 108).

Transnational companies endorsed by the MDG

The main events that they organize-manage are the Vueltas de Ciclismo. The annual Tours of France will be considered:
Organized by Amaury Sport Organization (ASO), a company of the French Group Philippe Amaury Publications, which... in 2010 organized 21 events... Together with ASO guarantee the success of the Tours the employer organization of the participating professional clubs (AIGCP), the Union of International Cycling and French Cycling Federation, who endorse it by the ODM. In 2005, an agreement was reached between ASO and the AIGCP that included the Tours editions from 2005 to 2008 “(Altuve, 2018: 124-125).
In 2009, the budget was approximately US $ 139 million, financed: 10% for rights paid by the cities-stage; Eurovision, France 2, France 3 and France 4 paid 50% for audiovisual rights; 40% of sponsorship and advertising rights. The advertising caravan was an important advertising tool:
“It covers 20 km, goes ahead of the competition with 160 vehicles, 600 caravans, 33 brands represented, 16 million gifts, ... and merits an investment between 278,000-695,000 US $ .... Media coverage included: 186 countries; ... with 118 TV channels; ... 650 media ...; as for the Internet website, it received six million visitors “(Altuve, 2018: 126).

Independent multinational companies of the MDG

The main event that they organize-manage is the annual Formula One (F1), property of Liberty Media, who bought the F1 for 4,400 million US $ on 07-09-16. The management of F1 is exercised through the Formula One Group, whose main sources of income are:
“TV broadcast is the main form ... according to the English newspaper Autosport can reach more than 300 million US $ and were sold in 67 countries for the 2010 season ... By radio: They have increased, in the US since 25-05 -08- the races were available through SIRIUS 125 of SIRIUS Satellite Radio company that for 2008 had more than 130 channels, was the Partner ... by Official Satellite of the NFL, NBA and NHL. The sponsors in 2010 were Allianz, DHL, the bank. UBS, GH Mumm and LG Electronics, Inc, which between 2009-2013 acquired exclusive titles from Global and Technological Partners and ... Official Partner for Consumer Electronics, Mobile Telephony and Data Processing “(Altuve, 2018: 135).
The economic and media success of F1, measured in millions of US dollars, is resounding:
“Between 1979-2004 ... it showed profits valued at 3,600 ...; in 2007 it had 597 million viewers, with 11,183 hours of retransmission in 188 countries, of which 5,169 hours (47%) were live and direct; in 2010, TV rights were sold to 67 countries ... As of 2006, it abandoned cigarette advertising, but this did not affect the business because new sponsors were incorporated, to the point that in 2007 it mobilized around 13.6 thousand million US $ per year”.

Sportsman-Competitor: Main Work Force of the Show

Professional whose job is to prepare and compete. Their types of employment relationship are:
a) It combines the work of representation of your country in the ODM competencies with that performed in one of these scenarios: Professional Clubs whose events endorse the MDG; transnational events endorsed by the MDG; Professional Clubs or transnational events endorsed by the MDG, with the mediation of the State: Cuba case.
b) Work on competitions organized by independent Transnationals of the MDG.
The one hundred best sportsmen-competitors paid in 2015: earned 3,200 million US $, 17% more than in 2014; 62 are American (27 MLB baseball); they come from 10 sports disciplines; and 2 are women. In millions of US $ income (including salaries / prizes and sponsorship), the sport discipline and the country of the top 10 are presented: Floyd May weather (300-Boxing-USA). Manny Pacquiao (160-Boxing-Philippines). Cristiano Ronaldo (79.6-Soccer of Europe- Portugal). Lionel Messi (73,8-Soccer of Europe-Argentina). Roger Federer (67-Tennis Open-Switzerland). LeBron James (64.8-NBA Basketball-USA). Kevin Durant (54.1-NBA Basketball-USA). Phil Mickelson (50,8- Golf Open-USA). Tiger Woods (50.6-Open Golf- USA). Kobe Bryant (49.5-NBA Basketball-USA) [3].

Sponsoring Transnational Companies or “Sponsors”

They buy:
a) The organizers-managers of the show, the right to use the symbols and the logo of the events in the advertising of their products.
b) The media spaces to spread their associated advertising and identified with the symbols and logos of the show.

Transnational Media Companies

They broadcast the show, buy the transmission rights to the organizers-managers and sell the spaces to the sponsors for their publicity. Since the 90s of the twentieth century, they have been acting simultaneously as organizers-managers and disseminators of the show.

Transnational Sporting Goods Companies

They provide the products used by competitors: instruments (balls, balls, snowshoes, garrochas, javelins, bicycles, etc.) and on their bodies (shoes and clothing); and sponsor events and athlete-competitors. At the close of fiscal year 31-05-2015, in millions of US dollars: the 10 leading companies (from the US and Europe) had sales of 99,315, led by Nike (USA) and Adidas (Germany) with 30,601 and 19,113, which obtained net profit 3,273 and 723.2, respectively [4].

Public-Fanatic-Consumer

It is the destiny of the show. It is the basis of the operation of EDTEE, whose fundamental objective is the conversion of all the inhabitants of the planet into fanatics of sport, that is, spectators who internalize the advertising messages issued during the events and become compulsive consumers of goods and services. Of the diffused brands.

State

Regardless of the types of governments and their politicalideological orientation, the State through public policy embodied in a legal-legal norm and an administrative-organizational structure (ministries, institutes, secretariats, etc.) with programprojects and budget, has the following functions in the EDTEE [5]:
Adapt the Participation of the Country to the Organizational Nature of the Show: When the organizermanager is the ODM, it arranges, prepares and guarantees the participation of its national team in the event. If the organizersmanagers are Transnational Professional Clubs or transnational companies, support the events and contribute to their success.
Produce and Reproduce the Sporting Ideology, Incorporating it into its Ideological Baggage and Legitimizing Itself, Making Sport One of its Ideological Apparatuses: Regardless of the result of the country’s participation (win or lose) in events, the State will legitimate with the support and promotion that makes the sport through public policy, thus operating the process of conversion of sport into an ideological apparatus. Obviously, the legitimacy of the State increases when the country obtains victories - by winning competitions and / or organizing events - that are identified with state management. In addition, the State extends the sports ideology to the rest of the social scenarios.
Financing, Disseminating the Sports Ideology, Exercising Violence and Creating the Conditions that Guarantee the Success of the Show in Its Territory (being the venue): The operational part of the shows is the responsibility of the National Organizing Committee formed by the host State , private organizations and the national instance of the ODM (in the OG and World Cup are the Olympic Committee and the National Federation) that works with its international instance, which is the highest authority of the event, which in the case of the It is the IOC and in the World Cup it is FIFA. The IOC and FIFA have reinforced and hold absolute power both events and the funding has been transferred to the State:
“In September 1995, the IOC announced that as of 2004, the share of television rights granted to Olympic city centers would fall from 60% to 49%, that is, the revenues of the National Organizing Committee will be reduced ... FIFA announced on 03- 23-17 that will eliminate the National Organizing Committees ... and will take total control of the organization of the World Cups from 2026 to generate more income, minimize costs and be more effective ... “(Diario Peru 21: 03- 04-17; Altuve, 2018: 178- 179). “The London 2012 OG cost more than US $ 17,500 million, of which the State financed 83.48% (US $ 14,610 million)” (America, economy, economy, markets and finances: 19-12-12); In the 2014 Soccer World Cup and the 2016 OG of Brazil, the investment was, mainly, public: “It was - according to the State - 21 billion US $. For Zimbalist it is between 35-40 billion US $. The final cost has not been specified ..., but ... it is much higher than the state appraisals because investment is missing ...: 1) To compete and win the venue of the events ... 2) At the opening and closing ceremonies ... 3) In the overpricing in the construction and remodeling of the infrastructure “ [6].
The State produces and reproduces the sports ideology highlighting the advantages and benefits of hosting a successful event, guaranteed by the investments made and exercising symbolic and physical violence to ensure the normal performance of the show. Obtaining certain remunerations through taxes, by the economic impact generated, etc.

Edtee, Automobilistic, Energy and Communications Industries: Rectoral Activities or “Punta” of the Lícita World Economy

The communication, automotive and energy industries participate in EDTEE, as can be seen (Altuve: 2016 and 2018):
Olympic Games (OG): Among its main sponsors are: ATOS, General Electric, Panasonic and Samsung (communications) in the OG 2016, 2012 and 2008; Bridgestone (rubbers - automobile) at OG 2016; ACER and Lenovo (communications) in the OG 2012 and 2008. Sponsors of the 2012 OG: BMW (automotive); British Petroleum and British Telecom (energy: oil and gas) EDF Energy Électricité (energy: electricity).
Soccer World Cups: Among its main sponsors are: Sony (communications) and South Korean Auto MC (automobile) in the 2014-2010 World Cups; Continental AG (automotive supplement), Hyundai (automobile) and Deutsche Telekom, Philips, Toshiba and Yahoo (communications) in the World Cup 2006. Exclusive sponsors of the 2010 World Cup: Continental AG (automotive); Castrol lubricants from British Petroleum (energy company), who was also a sponsor of the 2012 European Football Championship and the 2014 World Cup; MTN GROUP (communications), who in football has also sponsored the League of Africa, on 03-18-2010 signed a sponsorship agreement with the Manchester United Giants and was a sponsor of APOELFC Nicosia of Cyprus, in 2012; Satyam (communications) and Yingu Solar Energy (solar energy), who was the first Chinese company to sponsor the FIFA World Cups in 2010 and 2014, and in 2011 was the Official Premium Sponsor of FC Bayern Munich-Germany and the FC Bayern 2012 Youth Tournament.
Transnational Professional Clubs: In 2008-2009, Audi (automobiles) and Solaria (energy) were sponsors of Real Madrid. d) Tours of France and Giro d’Italia 2010. They were organized by Amaury Sport Organization and RCS Sport, owned, respectively, by Philippe Amaury Publications and RCS Media group (communications).
Formula One (F1): Since 07-09-2016 F1 is owned by Liberty Media (communications). In 2010 LG Electronics Inc (communications) was a global sponsor. The automotive is essential because it brings the cars of competition and participate as teams or teams. Following are presented-for 2010-five teams or teams with their owners:
a) Vodafone McLaren Mercedes: Vodafone (communications), Mclaren (automobile, etc.) and Mercedes (automotive).
b) Red Bull Renault: Red Bull and Renault (car).
c) Scuderìa Ferrari Marlboro: Ferrari (car).
d) Lotus F1 Racing: Malaysia Racing Team SDN BHD, belonging to Tune Group (communications) and Naza Group (automobile).
e) 75% of the Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team belonged to Mercedes-Benz (automotive).

Base of the Power in the Edtee: International Division in Medalls-Champions and in the Economic Benefits

The concentration of power in sport begins with the regressive distribution of the medals-champions, emerging the International Division, that is, the specialization of a small group of countries to win and the vast majority specializing in losing.

International Division in the World Cup Operates on Two Levels

a) Winners or Protagonists of the World Cups 1970- 2014: The protagonism is concentrated in Brazil, Federal Germany, Argentina, Italy, France and Spain, which have been the champions and occupied 19 of the 36 positions from 2nd to 4th place, and in much lesser degree, in the countries that occupied the other 17 semifinalist positions: 14 Europe; 2 America and 1 Asia. The specialists in losing are those attending the World Cups that did not reach the semifinals and the rest of the world that participated in the qualifiers.
b) Assignment of Quotas-Countries to the Continents and Contribution of Players from the Professional Clubs to the National Teams, in the 2014 World Cup: Europe had 13 (40.6%) quotas-countries and 190 of their Clubs contributed 563 (76, 4%) players, of which 176 were contributed by 17 Clubs from Germany, England, Italy and Spain; the rest of the world was assigned 19 (59.4%) quotas-countries and their Clubs contributed 171 (22.1%) players. America: 1) It had 9 countriesplaces (Brazil is included by venue) and the other 3 continents 10. 2) Their Clubs contributed 102 players and together Asia, Africa and Oceania 69 (ECA: 07-08-14). There is an international division with: Europe, led by Germany, Italy, Spain, France and England has prominence with the first places in the World Cups and the largest allocation of seats-countries, and their Clubs bring the largest number of players to the World Cup; America, in second place of countries-places, its protagonism is reduced to Brazil and Argentina and it was assigned the production of players (raw material) exportable to Europe that allows to guarantee the success of the spectacle of the Professional Clubs and the World Cup:
“They are the biggest exporters ... to the Clubs ...: With 20% in 2011 ...; in 2013 Argentina with 1,945 and Brazil with 944 headed the ranking; between January 2011 and June 2014, Brazil transferred 2,311 players, of which 1,311 (56.72%) went to Europe ...; in 2014, the Brazilians were protagonists in 1,493 operations ... followed by Argentina (801) ...; in 2015 the most transferred players are Brazilians with ... 512 ... Argentina with 254 ... is the second. The Professional Clubs of Europe endow the Worlds with most of the players: The World Cups are privileged scenarios ... where negotiable players are displayed for the competitions of the Professional Clubs and thus continue repeating the cycle indefinitely in which FIFA participates, who paid US $ 70 million to distribute an average of US $ 2,800 for each day a player was in the 2016 World Cup , shared between the current team and any other team for which he had played in the 2 years of the tie “ [7].

International Division in the OG 1996-2012 operates on four levels

a) General: Winners are 15 (7.31%) countries (Group of Nine, Ukraine, Holland, Spain, Australia, South Korea and Cuba) who obtained 3,053 (66.35%) medals. Losers are the rest of the world, led by 92 (44.87%) countries WITHOUT medals and the following groups: 1) 39 (19.02%) countries (P) obtained 68 (1.47%) medals (M). 2) 38 P (18.53%) gained 508 (11.04%). 3) 11 P (5.36%) obtained 367 (7.97%). 4) 10 P (4.87%) gained 605 (13.14%).
b) Inter Continents: Medals won by Europe 2,357 (51.09%), America 926 (20.07%), Asia 874 (18.91%), Oceania 267 (5.78%) and Africa 177 (3, 81%).
c) Between Continents: Europe: Winners: 8 P (3.88%: Russia, Germany, England, France, Italy, Ukraine, Holland and Spain) earn 1,478 (32.03%). Losers: 41 P (19.91%) who won 879 (19.06%). America: Winners: 3 P (1.46%: USA, Cuba and Brazil) get 710 (15.39%) M. Losers: 38 (18.44%) who won 216 (4.68%). Asia: Winners: 3 P (1.46%: China, South Korea and Japan) earn 636 (13.78%) M. Losers: 42 (20.4%) P who won 238 (5.13%). Oceania: Winners: 2 P (0.98%: Australia and New Zealand) earn 266 (5.76%) M. Losers: 15 countries (7.27%) that won 1 (0.02%). Africa: Winners: 9 P (4.39%: Kenya, Ethiopia, South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Zimbabwe and Tunisia) earn 161 (3.49%) M. Losers: 44 (21.35%) P who won 16 (0.32%).
d) Interior of a Continent (Latin America and the Caribbean in America): Winners: 7 P (3.41%: Cuba, Brazil, Jamaica, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia and Trinidad and Tobago) earn 297 (6.45%) M. Losers: 32 countries (15.6%) that earned 36 (0.78%) “(Altuve, 2008: 214-217). In OG 2016 20 countries (9.8%) won 672 (68.99%) medals and 117 (57.35%) won NO; the Group of Nine obtained 489 (50.2%) and Latin America and the Caribbean won 67 (6.87%).
The International Division and concentration of power in sport is extended with its conversion into EDTEE and the deepening of the regressive distribution of the economic benefits produced. With fewer and fewer exceptions confirming the rule, the winning athletes-competitors come from a small group of countries led by the Group of Nine; If we add to this, the transnational companies that organize shows, sponsors, media and sporting goods, are the ones who appropriate the highest volumes of income produced by EDTEE and come from that group of countries, we are facing a competitive and economic cycle that begins and ends in the US, Europe, Japan and China, with an important appropriation of the benefits by the MDG. The public sports policy of these few national states with power in sport is identified and serves their interests and those of their transnational’s, while most of the states without or with little power, adapt their public policy to a foreign sports dynamic to your interests.

Second Part

Edtee and Great Industry of Health and Welfare

a) Sports as Producer-Player of Capitalist Ideology: The establishment of industrial capitalist society based on the principle of performance and cult of the body from a reasonably profitable perspective, materializes in the movement with the transformation -among others- of its ludic aspect, replaced by modern sport, conceived as a comparison of bodily performances to appoint champions, record records or obtain medals and trophies.
Modern sport is the result of industrial capitalism, it is a product of society where -for the first time in historyperformance becomes the central category, in the concept that guides, organizes, determines and serves as a reference for the functioning of the institutions. It arises in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century fulfilling an ideological function, because it produces and reproduces the ideas of performanceproductivity- profitability-linear and infinite progress, State- Nation, ideas-base of capitalist society, and is presented as a space social hierarchy and democratic differentiation, equality, fraternity, noble struggle, peace, fair competition, honesty, in opposition to the conflicts between the capitalist powers that led to the first (28-07-1914 to 11-11-1918) and second World War (01-09-1939 to 02-09-1945).
In globalization, the ideological function of sport has been broadened and perfected with the intervention of the media, producing and reproducing the ideas of:
a) To be a universal social space of absolute egalitarianism, in contrast to the aberrant differences in production, consumption and enjoyment of existing goods between nations and between social classes and serving as a justification for such inequalities.
b) The record-champion as a symbol and expression of progress and recognition of individual effort, representation of the Nation-State and synthesis of the greatest human virtues.
c) Individual physical perfection based on science and technology, recorded in the record and materialized in the champion’s body.
d) The collective physical perfection or corporal wellbeing for all the bodies of the buyers-fanatics-consumer public, achievable through the consumption of the body, by the body and for the body, when contemplating the sports spectacle. Collective happiness is achieved by consuming inherent and / or associated merchandise objects, linked and identified with the sport, particularly with the recordchampion (corporal image of the champion, model of overcoming, healthy body, patriotism-nationalism, etc.)
By producing and reproducing the ideas of performanceproductivity- profitability-linear and infinite progress, State- Nation, individual and collective physical perfection, well-being of all and ideal model of human coexistence, sport is presented as an archipelago of happiness in the midst of a storm of unhappiness that is the rest of society, becoming the illuminating beacon to which other social institutions must follow; becoming a source of consolation, hope and resignation, because despite the abysmal social differences in sports we are all equal and the transition to happiness is not so far, it will be achieved as the rest of society look more and more like the sport. This is the ideological function of the sport turned into a Transnational Entertainment and Entertainment Company (EDTEE), it is the globalizing sports ideology.

Health, Sport, Economy and Ideology

The medicine has been:
“Since the eighteenth century a fundamental tool in the management of the population and a decisive resource for the incorporation of bodies in the productive order of capitalism,” transiting processes whose result “has been an absolute medicalization of society and full identification of the problem of health with the interests of the economy” [8].
In the 20th century, we assist to:
“A broad and unlimited process of medicalization” is the unstoppable extension of the medical paradigm in our culture. With the doctors and their knowledge as decisive, it has been “Imposed by an act of authority and its object is not only related to the disease, but with a broad and diffuse concept of health”, it does not recognize the existence of a territory external to the Medical codes and medicine became one of the components of the economy “because it produces wealth for itself given that health becomes a consumer good representing a wish for some and a luxury for others”. In other words, “medicine leads to the incorporation of health and disease into the game of the market, with its production agents (laboratories, pharmacists, doctors, clinics, insurers) and with their consumers (the real patients and the potential sick people that we are all) “.
The irruption of health in the economy produces the perverse effect of generating:
“An infinite demand and a generalized dissatisfaction of the client, since the increase of the medical consumption does not suppose an improvement of the level of health, unlike how it is promised”. What it brings as consequences: 1) The creation of a growing and changing “frontier offer with respect to medicine, which ensures new experiences of physical wellbeing, other nutritious alternatives and other modes of body stylization”, covered with “a series of consumer goods that resort to the ideal of healthy life: low calorie food products, programs and instruments of physical conditioning, etc. “2) The infinite demand for health by customers produces enormous economic benefits for large pharmaceutical companies, which they intervene with more prominence in medicalization and decrease that of doctors. “Around this need for intervention ..., a whole industry of commercial interests flourishes. There are, for example, companies that market over time to doctors (usually scarce and, therefore, valuable in the logic of supply and demand) selling it to pharmacists’ visitors ... There are also other types of transnational companies, such as International Marketing Services Health or Close Up, which collect information about the medicines prescribed by doctors, build profiles on their prescription habits and design huge databases that are then purchased by large pharmaceutical companies in important figures of money”.
In globalization:
“The medicalization of society has succeeded ... capture the body as an object of consumption and production of capital. Healthy lifestyles, the care of food, the need to have a body in shape are promoted, not only as a way to reinforce the primacy of individualistic interest, but also as a way to create a market where at first it seemed not exist”. The institution of health produces and reproduces the individualist ideology of capitalism and hides the existing authentic power relations, as it is “A mode of relationship of the subject with its own corporeality. A mode of relationship with oneself that is useful for a system that seeks the decomposition of bonds of solidarity between subjects. Individualization works, therefore, as a tool that privatizes or personalizes the structural contradictions of the capitalist system. In this way, the invisibility of these conflicts is ensured and the global order advances in its perpetuation. The health industry, in this sense, would play a decisive role in the construction of an immune society10, of individuals locked in the aseptic space and assured of their privacy, afraid of the contagion that may come from the outside and that embodies alterity” [8].
Sport and health have become important economic activities and are producer-reproducers of capitalist ideology in their specific field of action. They fed each other and simultaneously in the processes of conversion into economic activities and producer-reproducers of the capitalist ideology. The ideal of healthy life and body in the form of medicine finds reciprocity and complement in the idea of corporal well-being for all of sports, is part of the ideological production-reproduction of both institutions in order to justify, make viable and advance their conversion in economic activities: The EDTEE that aims to convert all the inhabitants of the planet into a public-fanaticconsumer of the spectacle that it produces intensively and extensively every day; and the great health industry to cover the infinite and unsatisfied demand for health that it created and creates permanently (in 2016, global health expenditures were just over US $ 3.88 trillion).
A close relationship between EDTEE and the big health industry is established:
a) The entire medical device and infrastructure of the large health industry was installed in the EDTEE: sports medicine with its annexes and similar (nutrition, psychology, technology, etc.), on the one hand, sustains the material production of record-champions feeding the idea of individual physical wellbeing, and, on the other, it becomes a foundation and reference of obligatory and indispensable consumption so that the publicfanatic -consumer of the sport can access the collective physical well-being.
b) The device that produces record-champions (subjecting the body of athletes-competitors in the object of scientific experimentation and in the use of materials and instruments in the preparation, training and competence) of the EDTEE, was installed in the large industry of health, who by reworking it and adapting it to the needs of ordinary people, on the one hand, considerably broadens its offer of services, and, on the other, it is legitimate, promising well-being, a healthy body and a healthy life.
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2019.11.18 09:27 Zalogon Los Kanji Perdidos (Primaria 3)

者 Individuo; sujeto; persona

訓読み- もの
音読み- シャ
ejemplos
者(もの) Un individuo; sujeto; persona. Se usa en situaciones formales, documentos legales y en settings militares. Aunque también se usa en animes de fantasía para sonar mas “medieval” como Marth en smash bros:
守るべきもののために、負けられない。Por las personas que debo proteger, no puedo perder.
若者(わかもの) Personas jóvenes
若者は老ウジンを譲るべきだ。The young should make room for the old
若者は専科というものを頭でしか知らない。Young people know the disasters of war only in the abstract
記者(きしゃ) Reportero
医者(いしゃ) Médico
患者(かんじゃ) Paciente
科学者(かがくしゃ) Scientifico
研究者(けんきゅうしゃ) investigador
労働者(ろうどうしゃ) Empleado
芸者(げいしゃ) Geisha
賢者の石(けんじゃのいし) Piedra filosofal

取 to get

訓読み- と
音読み- No importa tanto
ejemplos
取る(とる) to get
もう少しで満点が取れたのに I almost got a perfect score
車の免許を突りにく。 I’m going to go get my driver’s licence
君はどこで学位をとりましたか。Where did you take your degree?
今学期はスペイン語をとている。 I’m going to take Spanish next semester
欲しいだけクッキーをとりなさい。Take as many cookies as you want
長男の名前はおじさんの名前からとりました。 My first son was named after my uncle
クリームチーズ取ってくれる? Would you pass me the cream cheese?
一週間の休みを取った。He took a week off
長い休暇を取る余裕がない I cannot afford a long vacation
メモを取りなさい。You should make notes
取り替える (とりかえる) reemplazar; cambiar; restaurar
プリンターの空のインクを取り替えて下さい Please replace the empty ink jet cartridge in the printer
もっと大きいのと取り替えてください If it's possible, I'd like to exchange this for a larger size
タイヤを取り替えなくてはならないay que cambiar los neumáticos.
取り戻す(とりもどす) Recuperar
無駄にした時間を取り戻さなければならない。 Debes recuperar el tiempo perdido
花は雨のあと生気を吐露戻した。The flowers got their vitality back after the rain
彼女はきを失ったが、すうふんごに意識を取り戻した。Perdió la conciencia pero la recuperó luego de unos minutos
やっと本調子を取り戻した。 I have finally regained my regular form
健康を取り戻すのに丸一年かかった。Me tomó todo un año recuperar mi salud
先頭後、平和維持軍が平穏を取り戻すために活動しました。Después de la guerra, las tropas de paz tomaron acción para restaurar la calma.
取り上げる(とりあげる) Tiene varios significados…
  1. To adopt a proposal
会議で彼の提案が取り上げられた。 His proposals were adopted at the meeting
彼の提案は話にとりあげるほどのこともない His proposal is not worth talking about
  1. Feature; darle atención; sacar a la Luz;
全新聞がその事件を大きく取り上げた All the papers featured the case
彼はしばしは国民的英雄として取り上げられています。He is often referred to as a national hero
  1. Decomisar; confiscar >向こう見ずな運転の為彼は免許を取り上げられた。Le confiscaron la licencia por su forma imprudente de conducir.
銀行に家を取り上げられてしまいそうなんだよ I'm afraid the bank is going to repossess my house
警官は少年からナイフを取り上げた。The policeman took the knife from the boy
  1. 問題を取り上げる To take up a problem; encargarse de un problema
この件は昼食後にふたたび取り上げよう。 Let’s take up this matter after lunch
  1. Literal tomar y levantar
彼はペンを取り上げて書き始めた。 Levantó su lápiz y comenzó a escribir.
取り消す(とりけす) cancelar; take back
この切符を取り消せますか Can I cancel this ticket
私は彼女との約束を取り消しいた。I canceled an appointment with her.
私がケチだと言ったことを取り消しなさい。Take back what you said about me being stingy
今言ったことは蹴りします。I take back what I said
彼は大将に命令を取り消すうように頼んだ。 He asked the general to take back his order
取り出す(とりだす) take out
彼は数枚のコインを取り出した He took out some coins
彼はコインを1枚ポケットかっら取り出した。 He took a coin out of his pocket.
彼は海水から塩を結晶させて取り出した。 He crystallized salt from the sea water.
取り除く(とりのぞく) Deshacerse
悪習を取り除くのは容易ではない no es fácil deshacerse de malos hábitos
その肖像画は壁から取り除かれた the portrait was taken from the wall
私は庭から雑草を取り除いた I rid the garden go the weeds
靴から泥を取り除いてください。Please remove the mud from your shoes

酒 licor

訓読み- うけ
音読み- シュ
ejemplos
お酒(おさけ) booze
日本酒(にほんしゅ) Japanese booze; sake
酒飲み(さけのみ) Heavy drinker
飲酒運転(いんしゅうんてん) Drunk driving
居酒屋(いざかや) izakaya

受 Recibir

訓読み- うけ
音読み- ジュ
ejemplos
受ける(うける) Receive
受け取る(うけとる) tomar algo que se te ha sido entregado (no cuenta si no te lo entregaron); tomar; aceptar
けさ、宅配便(たくはいびん)を受け取りました。 I got a FedEx package this morning.
自尊心があるから彼はそのお金を受け取らなかった。His pride did not allow him to take the money
この贈り物は受け取れません。 I cannot accept this gift.
Another meaning of 「受け取る」is to interpret A as B.
わたしは彼が何も言わないのをYesだと受け取りました。I understood his silence meant "Yes".
個人的な話にうけとらないで Don’t take it personally
私は彼女の言うことを文字どおりに受け取った I took what she said literally.
彼女は私の言葉を侮辱と受け取ったようだ。 She seems to have taken my remark as an insult
受け入れる(うけいれる) recibiaceptar una idea o a una persona
田中さんをチームに受け入れました。We welcomed Mr.Tanaka as a member of our team.
彼のアイデアはすばらしいですが、受け入れることができません。 His idea is nice, but we can't accept it.
引き受ける(ひきうける) tomar responsabilidad de algún duty
彼は難しい仕事を引き受けた He took on the difficult work
彼の息子が工場の経営を引き受けた His son took on the management of the factory
これ以上仕事を引き受けられない I can't take any more work
たとえそれが嫌いでも、あなたはその世話を引き受けなければならない Even if you do not like it, you must take charge of it
友だちが旅行へ行くので、彼女の犬の世話せわを引き受けました。A friend of mine is going to travel, so I agreed to take care of her dog.)
受け付ける(うけつける) Aceptar una solicitud, documento
電話でもう受け付けていますよ。We take telephone orders
申し込みは明日までう受け付けます Las aplicaciones serán aceptadas hasta mañana
後になってテスト提出しても、受け付けられえません。If you turn in a test late, it will not be accepted
受付(うけつけ) Reception desk
受領書(じゅりょうしょ) Receipt

主 main

訓読み- ぬし・おも
音読み- シュ
ejemplos
主(ぬし) The chief; the head; la persona a cargo
君は君自身の運命の主でもあります。You are the master of your own destiny.
主人(しゅじん) Master
おかえりなさいませ、ご主人様。Welcome home master.
男性が一家の主ということはアメリカ社旗に当てはまる。It is true of American society that the male is the head of the household 何をするにも人に対してでなく、主に対するように、心から働きなさい。 And whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men
農園主になりたいなあ。とピップが言いましいた。 I want to be a farmer, said pip
主に(おもに) Mainly; mostly; for the most part; mas que nada
日本人は以前は主に米を主食としていた。The Japanese used to live mainly on rice
今日は主にホームレスの問題を取り上げます。 Today we’re going to focus on the question of homeless people
乗船客は主に日本人だった。 The passengers on board were mostly Japanese.
彼の病気は主に静止イン的な者だった。Su enfermedad era mas que nada mental.
主語(しゅご) El sujeto de la oración
主人公(しゅじんこう) main character
主題歌(しゅだいか) Theme song
主張(しゅちょう) Claim; to advocate for
彼は自分の主張を立証で来ないことをとても恥だ。He was very ashamed of not being able to make his point
彼は自分の意見を強硬に主張した。He strongly persisted in arguing his opinion.
太郎は自分の言い訳が正しいと主張した。Taro insisted that he was right
彼女はその土地の所有者だと主張した。She claimed to be the owner of the land
彼は自分の潔白を主張した。 He affirmed his innocence
客観的にみて、彼の主張は全く理にかなっていなかった His argument was far from rational
彼は大学教育の改革を主張している。 He advocates reform in university education
彼女は女性差別撤廃を主張した。She advocated equal rights for women
飼い主(かいぬし) Dueño de una mascota
主要(しゅよう) key; main; most important; most relevant
貧困は以前として犯罪の主要原因である。Poverty is still the major cause of crime
猫が気持ちを伝える主要なやり方は身震いである。The prime means of communication in cats is body language
主要な目的を見失ってはならない。No pierdas de vista to objetivo principal
コーヒーはブラジルの主要産物の一つである。 Coffee is one of the staples of Brazil
持ち主(もちぬし) portador
彼女はハイセンスの持ち主ですよ Ella es portadora un gran sentido de la moda
あなたほどの才能の持ち主が世間に知られずにいるのは惜しいことです。Es una pena, que un hombre que porta una habilidad como la suya no sea conocido por el mundo.
魅力的な個性の持ち主い Portador de una personalidad encantadora
彼はすごれた記憶力の持ち主。He has a remarkable memory
主義(しゅぎ) Principios; forma de pensar; -ism
主義を貫く Live up to one’s principles
嘘をつくことはワタ主義に反する。It is against my principles to tell a lie 悲観主義は、向上することを信じいないのだ Pessimism believes in no improvement
彼は利己主義の化身だ He is the personification of selfishness
私は交互に楽観主義になったり悲観主義になる I am by turns an optimist and a pessimist
共産主義(きょうさんしゅぎ) Comunismo
資本主義(しほんしゅぎ) Capitalismo
民主主義(みんしゅしゅぎ) Democracia
無政府主義(むせいふしゅぎ) Anarquía
封建主義(ほうけんしゅぎ) Feudalismo

守 cuidar

訓読み- まも
音読み- シュウ
ejemplos
守る proteger
守るべきもののために、負けられない
見守る(みまもる) look after someone; vigilar; cuidar
留守(るす) andar fuera de casa
友達は留守だった The friend was absent
彼女は九州に行って留守です。she’s away in kyushu
彼は旅行に出て留守だ。He's away on a trip.
留守番(るすばん) look after the house while someone is away
今日は私、留守番を言い付かっているから出かけられないの。I can't go out today as I've been asked to watch the house.
留守番電話(るすばんでんわ) Contestadora automática
看守(かんしゅ) Prison guard

州 State

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- シュウ
Ejemplos
カリフォルニア州(かりふぉるにあしゅう) El estado de california
本州(ほんしゅう) La isla principal de Japón
九州(きゅうしゅう) La isla del sur de japón

習 Tomar lecciones

訓読み- なら
音読み- シュウ
Ejemplos
習う(ならう) tomar lecciones; Aprender de alguien
あなたはロング先生に英語を習ったのですね。You learned English from Miss Long, didn’t you?
ピアノを習っています I’m learning to play the piano (from a teacher)
友達からカップケーキの作り方を習いました。Learned how to make cupcakes from a friend
練習(れんしゅう) Practicar
学習(がくしゅう) Aprendizaje
機械学習 aprendizaje automático
自主学習ノート Self-learning notebook

終 Invierno

訓読み- ふゆ
音読み- トウ
Ejemplos
冬休み(ふゆやすみ) Winter break
冬眠(とうみん) Hibernación

集 Colección

訓読み- あつ
音読み- シュウ
Ejemplos
集める(あつめる) Recolectar; coleccionar; to gather stuff
リスは忙しく木の実を集めていた。 La ardilla estaba ocupada recolectando nueces.
彼は切手をたくさん集めた el coleccionaba estampas
そのゲームは大観衆を集めた The game drew a good crowd
彼女の趣味は古いコインを集めることだった。 Su hobby era coleccionar monedas viejas
集まる(あつまる) se juntan; to be gathered
何千人もの人々がそこに集まった Miles de personas se juntaron en ese lugar
編集(へんしゅう) Editar (es lo que usan cuando editas stages de smash uwu)
集中(しゅうちゅう) Concentrarse. Casi siempre se refiere a concentración mental, pero también se puede referir a la densidad de algo
彼の仕事の大半が都市部に集中している。The bulk of his work is in the urban area.
太郎は英単語を暗記するのに集中した Taro concentrated on memorizing English words.
私は読書に集中していた Me estaba concentrando en leer
募集中(ぼしゅうちゅう) NOW HIRING

住 Residir

訓読み- す
音読み- ジュウ
Ejemplos
住む(すむ) Residir
東京に住んでいます。I live in Tokyo
おじと住んでます。I live with my uncle
住所(じゅうしょ) Address
住民(じゅうみん) Residentes
原住民(げんじゅうみん) Residente Nativo
住まい(すまい) dwelling

拾 pick up

訓読み- ひろ
音読み- シュウ
Ejemplos
拾う(ひろう) Recoger 彼は床からハンカチを拾った Recogió un pañuelo del suelo
収集(しゅうしゅう) Coleccionar
彼の趣味は珍しい蝶の収集だ。Su hobbies es la colección de mariposas raras
その収集品は一般に公開されている。The collection is open to the public
収拾つかなくなる(しゅうしゅうがつかなくなる) la situación se sale de control

重 peso

訓読み- おも・かさ
音読み- ジュウ
Ejemplos
重い(pesado)
重ねる(かさなる) acumular cosas del mismo tipo; Amontonar; Apilar
悪事を重ねる Amontonar crímenes
机の上には漫画本が重ねてあった The comic books were piled on the desk
重なる(かさねる) Se acumulan cosas de la misma categoría
この本は8版を重ねました The book has gone through eight editions
用紙は3枚重ねて出してください Hand in the three sheets of paper together
重要(じゅうよう) esencial; importante
吸うポーつうは社会生活の中で重要な役割を果たす Los deportes desempeñan un papel importante en la vida social
テレビは日常生活で重要な役割を果たす。La TV juega un rol importante in la vida diaria
体重(たいじゅう) Peso corporal; lo que pesa una persona
重点(じゅうてん) importancia; énfasis; priority
同社の当面の重点はマーケットシェアの拡大である The company's immediate priority is to expand the market share
討論での重点は失業問題であった In the discussion the accent was on unemployment
二重(にじゅう) double
この単語には二重の意味があります Esta palabra tiene doble significado.
このような形を二重否定といいますが、結果として肯定を表すこととなります This sort of structure is called a double negative, but in effect it shows affirmation.
普段はとてもおとなしいナイスガイだが、理性のタガがはずれると人格が豹変する二重人格。 He's got a dual personality - usually a quiet "nice guy" type, but when he flips, his character changes.
二重奏(にじゅうそう) Dúo musical

宿 Lodge at

訓読み- やど
音読み- シュク
Ejemplos
新宿区(しんじゅくく) The Shinjuku district
宿題(しゅくだい) Tarea; homework
宿泊(しゅくはく) Stay the night
6人宿泊させてほしい。We need accommodation for 6 people
そのホテルは500人宿泊できる。 This hotel can accommodate 500 people
スーはロイヤルホテルで宿泊手続きをした。Sue checked in at the royal hotel
ここに宿泊している人と話をしたいのですが。I’d like to talk to one of your guests.
雨宿(あめやどり) Taking shelter from rain
木陰であめやどりをした
下宿(げしゅく) boarding house
私は下宿しています。I live in a rooming house

訓読み- ところ
音読み- ショ
Ejemplos
所(ところ) Lugar. Puede usarse de forma literal o de forma metafórica. También se le acerca a como usamos la palabra “punto” en español
  1. Un punto geográfico donde algo se encuentra algo (un lugar) >彼女はここから数区画離れたところに住んでいる。 She lives a few blocks away from here
窓の外を見たとき、戸口の上り段のところに見知らぬ人が見えた。looking out the window, I saw a stranger at the doorstep
その町は海抜1500メートルのところにある。 The town is situated 1500 meters above sea level
野生の猿が見つかったという知らせがその警官のところにたくさん届いた。 llegaron muchos reportes de un mono salvaje al lugar de los policías.
  1. Un punto refiriéndose a una cualidad de una persona. >彼はどことなく謎めたい所がある。There’s something mysterious about him.
彼は若い頃は傲慢なところがあった。When he was young, he had an arrogant air.
  1. Un punto en el tiempo; Un punto de tu vida >家主に家賃を払えば、食物を買う金なくなる。進退極まったとうういうところだ。If we pay the rent to the landlady, we won’t have any money for food; we are between the devil and the deep blue sea.
彼女はディナーを食べている所です。She’s having dinner right now.
ちょうど荷造りが終わったとコッロですう。I’ve just finished packing
大ボスを倒す所だ。 I’m about to beat the biggest monster
場所(ばしょ) Un sitio. Un lugar que ocupa literal una posición en el espacio físico.
住所(じゅうしょ) Adress
事務所(じむしょ) Oficina
台所(だいどころ) Kitchen
近所(きんじょ) Neighbourhood
刑務所(けいむしょ) Prisión
長所(ちょうしょ) Virtud(en personas); ventaja (en cosas)
短所(たんしょ) Defecto; desventaja

訓読み- あつ
音読み- ショ
Ejemplos
暑い(あつい) Caluroso
蒸し暑い(むしあつい) Sultry; caluroso y humedo
炎暑(えんしょ) Heat wave
暑がり(あつがり) Person sensitive to hot weather

助 Ayudar

訓読み- たす
音読み- ジョ
Ejemplos
助ける(たすける) To save someone;
助けてください! ashudenme porfa uwu
助かる(たすかる) To be saved
助け(たすけ) Ayuda
彼は多数けを求める叫び声を聞いた。He hearrd a cry for help
助言(じょげん) Advice; Consejo
遠慮しないで助言を求めなさい。Don’t hesitate to ask for advice
教師は色々と助言をするが、生徒はいつも聞き入れるわけではない。Although teaches give a lot of advice, students son’t always take it.
救助(きゅうじょ) Rescate
この犬は山岳地で人を救助するように訓練されています。Este perro está entrenado para rescatar gente en las montañas
彼らは通りかかった船に救助された。Ellos fueron rescatados por un barco que pasaba.
彼rは溺れている少年を救助した。He rescued a boy from drowning
援助(えんじょ) aid/assitance
法律上の援助を求めてその弁護士のところへえ行った。I went to the lawyer for legal aid
彼らは援助を申し出た。They offered assistance
彼らはその画家を財政的に援助した。The assisted the painter financially
援助交際(えんじょこうさい) Relación de un sugar daddy con una joven.

昭 SHOWA

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ショウ
Ejemplos
昭和時代(しょうわじだい) Era showa (1926-1989)
Ejemplos

消 Desaparecer

訓読み- き・け
音読み- ショウ
Ejemplos
消す(けす) Apagar; desaparecer
電気を消すのを忘れないで Don't forget to turn the light off
出るときには必ず火を消しなさい Be sure to put the fire out before you leave
消える(きえる) apagarse; desaparecerse
闇の炎に抱かれて消えろ! Be embraced by the dark flames and disappear!
消極的(しょうきょくてき) Passive
観察は消極的な科学であり、実験は積極的な科学である Observation is a passive science, experimentation an active science
消しゴム(けしごむ) Goma de borrar
消去(しょうきょ) To delete a file
セーブされたゲームは破損しているようで、利用できません。ゲームを終了した後、セーブデータを消去してからやり直してください。The saved game appears to be damaged and cannot be used. Please quit the game and then restart after removing the save data.
消防士(しょうぼうし) Bombero
消防署(しょうぼうしょ) Estación de bomberos

商 business

訓読み- あきな
音読み- ショウ
Ejemplos
商い(あきない) business transaction; trading; trade
商品(しょうひん)Mercancía
商店街(しょうてんがい) Shotengai; el mercado japonés
商売(しょうばい) A business
商人(しょうにん) Negociante; Vendedor
商業(しょうぎょう) Comercio

章 Sentence;Oración/Badge

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ショウ
Ejemplos
文章(ぶんしょう) Sentence. Written document
文章は大文字で書き始めなくてはならない。 You must begin a sentence with a capital letter.
日本では結婚は文章で届け得なければならない。 The marriage must be reported in a document in Japan
その文章にはメモがクリップでつけられていた。 A not was attached to the document with a paper clip
腕章(わんしょう) Armband
勲章(くんしょう) Badge

勝 Ganar

訓読み- か・まさ
音読み- ショウ
Ejemplos
勝つ(かつ) Ganar
勝る(まさる) Sobrepasar; Ser mejor que; ser preferible
知恵は富に勝る Wisdom is better than the riches
予防は治療にはるかに勝る。 Prevention is much preferable to cure
二人の頭脳は一人の頭脳に勝る。Dos cabezas son mejor que una
勝ち(かち) Victoria;
勝利(しょうり) Victoria; triunfo; éxito (suena mas oficial/formal que 勝ち)
戦闘はローマグ運の大勝利に終わった。The battle ended in a triumph for the Romans
コーチはチームを勝利に導いた。 The coach steered the team to victory.
勝負(しょうぶ) competencia; match
ボブはスケートではきみといい勝負だ。Bob is a good match for you in skating
勝負は問題ではない。It doesn’t matter wether you win or not.
魔王が神に野球で勝負を挑んだ。El diablo retó a dios a una competencia de baseball.
勝手に(かってに) De forma desconsiderada; sin consideración
決勝(けっしょう) Batalla final; las finales (deportes)
優勝(ゆうしょう) Overall victory (even if you lost some games)

乗 To ride.

訓読み- の
音読み- ジョウ
Ejemplos
乗る(のる) subirse a un carro, caballo, autobus; to get on
サーファーたちは波頭に乗った. Surfers rode on the crests of waves
乗せる(のせる) to get a ride; to be put on
駅まで乗せて行ってもらえる Can you give me a ride to the station?
トッピングは全部乗せてください。I want all the toppings
乗せられるのは100キロがマックスです。A load of 100KG is the max
乗り遅れる(のりおくれる) To miss a ride
乗り換える(のりかえる) Transfer to a different train
乗客(じょうきゃく) Pasajero 乗り込む(のりこむ) entrar en un vehículo o situación; to get into
敵地に乗り込む entrar en territorio enemigo
搭乗(とうじょう) abordar un avión o un barco

植 Planta

訓読み- う
音読み- ショク
Ejemplos
植える(うえる) Plantar una planta
植わる(うわる) La planta es plantada
植物(しょくぶつ) Planta
移植(いしょく) Transplantar
母は庭へ花を移植した Mother transplanted the flowers to the garden
アメリカの文化はヨーロッパから移植されたものだ。 Thee American culture had been transplanted from Europe
彼は手術するかどうかは、移植する臓器の提供次第だ。 Wether he has the operation depends upon the avilability of the organ
外科医は私を説得して、臓器の移植手術をう受けることに同意させた。The surgeon persuaded me to undergo an organ transplant operation
植民地(しょくみんち)
その植民地は独立を宣言し、共和国となった。 The colony declared independence and became a republic
フランスはアフリカにいたくさん植民地を持っていた。 France used to have many colonies win Africa
植木(うえき) Garden shrubs

申 To humbly say; to apply

訓読み- もう
音読み- シン
Ejemplos
申します (もうします) forma humilde de decir 言う a un superior
申し訳ありません。No tengo excusas u_u (SORRY)
申し込む(もうしこむ) Aplicar
彼はそのクラブへの入会を申し込んだ。He applied for an admission to the club
彼はその会社に職を申し込んだ。 He applied for a position in the office.
申し込み(もうしこみ) Aplicación (para lugares donde quieres participar)
申し込みは明日まで受け付けます。Hasta mañana se aceptan aplicaciones
申請(しんせい) Application; Filing (Para documentación. Va a quedar un record de esto)
離婚を申請する To file for divorce
彼女はビザを申請した Ella aplicó para una Visa

身 SELF

訓読み- み
音読み- シン
Ejemplos
身(み) The Self.
酒で彼は身を崩した Alcohol brought about his downfall;
私主たる関心事はあなたの身の安全なのです。 My primary concern is your safety.
べっどん身を横えた。He laid himself on the bed
それはみにあまる光栄です。The honor is more than I deserve
身につく(みにつく) to become part of the self; to retain (a skill; habit, fat in your belly, etc…)
大丈夫。それが全部身についてもたったの70グラムだよ。It’s okay, even if I get fatter, it’s only 70 grams lol
身の程知らず(みのほどしらず) No conocer tu lugar en la sociedad. Tengo entendido que esto generalmente es negativo, como decir que una persona es “entitled”, pero he notado que NIKE lo usa de forma positiva en el sentido de (“olvida quien eres & just do it!)
自身(じしん) Confianza en uno mismo
出身(しゅっしん) Origen; orinario
その婦人は良家の出身であった. That lady came from a good family
ジョンはフロリダ、そして奥さんはカリフォルニア出身だ John comes from florida, and his wide from California.
身元(みもと) Identity
彼は身元を明らかさなかった。He didn’t reveal his identity
その犯人は自分の身元を隠さなければならなかった。The criminal had to conceal his identity
身長(しんちょう) Estatura. Height of a person
彼の身長は6フィートだ。
中身(なかみ) Contents
彼はコップの中身を飲み干した Se tomó todo el contendió del vaso
札入れの中身が紛失していた。El contenido de la billetera estaba desaparecido.
身分(みぶん) Social Status; position;
これは身分不相応な贅沢な物だ。This is luxury beyond my income
彼は身分のある人です。 He is a man of position
身分証明書(みぶんしょうめいしょ) ID Card

真 Really; truly

訓読み- ま
音読み- シン
Ejemplos
(真っ) Prefijo que intensifica adjetivos…
真っ赤(まっか) Rojo fuerte; really red
真っ白い(まっしろい) really white
真っすぐ(まっすぐ) straight
この道を真っすぐ行ってください。 Go straight ahead on this street
会議が終わると彼女は真っすぐに机に戻った。 After the meeting she went straight to her desk
彼は鉛筆で真っすぐな線を描いた。He drew a straight line with his pencil
彼は私の目を真っすぐみた。He looked at me straight in the eye
彼は真っすぐ僕うの方へ近づいてきました。He came straight up to me
真ん中(まんなか) En medio
私たちの車は通りの真ん中で故障した。Se nos descompuso el carro en medio de la calle
真実(しんじつ) The truth
真実を言う Decir la verdad
その陳述を真実と認める。 I accept that statement as true
真実と空言を区別するのは難しい。Es dificil distinguir la verdad de palabras vanas
真実に迫る(しんじつにせまる) Acercarse a la verdad
写真(しゃしん) foto
真似る(まねる) imitar
子供は親の癖を真似る Los niños imitan las mañas de sus padres
オウムは人間の言葉を真似る。Parrots imitate human speech

深 Profundo

訓読み- ふか
音読み- シン
Ejemplos
風かい(ふかい) deep
彼は深い眠りに落ちた。 He fell into a deep sleep
彼は両手をポケットに深くつ込んでいた。His hands were deep in his pockets
彼は深い恩義がある I am deeply in debt with him
その少女は老人の哀れな話にい深く感動しわっと泣き出した。 The little girl, deeply moved by the old man’s pitiful story, burst into tears.
深く潜ればもぐほど水は冷たくなる。 As we dive deeper, the water becomes colder
息を深く吸いなさい。 Take a deep breath
深める(ふかめる) to deepen
彼は生化学の知識を深めて。He deepened the knowledge of biochemistry
我々は親睦を深めた。We deepened our friendship
深まる(ふかまる) It gets deeper
心の傷は深まるばかり。The pain in my heart just gets worse
人は知識は深まるほど、自分の無知にきい月浮くものである。The more a man knows, the more he discovers his ignorance
彼らは親密さは年月とともに深まった。Their intimacy deepened throuugh the years.
親切(しんせつ) Considerate; kind
深刻(しんこく) grave; serious, severe, acute
大気汚染はこの国の深刻な問題だ。La contaminación del aire es un problema muy grave en de este país.
注意深い(ちゅういぶかい) Careful
彼女は衣料品を買うときは注意深く選択する。She makes careful choices when she buys clothes
注意深かったけれども、彼は思わぬミスをおかした。Careful as he was, he made an unexpected mistake.
私たちは一言も聞き漏らさないよううに注意深く聞いていた。We listened carefully in order not to miss a single word
興味深い(きょうみぶかい) Deeply interesting
人生はいかなる本よりも興味い深い Life is far more interesting than a book
彼女はとても興味深い人です。She’s a very interesting person
その映画は私達みんなにとって興味深かった。 The movie was interesting to all of us
深夜(しんや) deep at night

進 Progresar

訓読み- すす
音読み- シン
Ejemplos
進める(すすめる) yo progreso en algo (transitivo); to go ahead
その計画は進められている。 The project is underway
進む(すすむ) progresa solo (intransitivo)
彼は群衆を押し分けて進んだ。
ナポレオンは軍隊をロシアに進めた Napoleon marched his armies into Russia
さあ、みんな、先へ進もう Now folks, let’s go on
進化(しんか) Evolución
進み出る(すすみでる) To step forward
その勇敢なる騎士は進み出てその貴婦人の手にキスをする The brave knight steps forward and kisses the lady on the hand.
突き進む(つきすすむ) to push through

神 Dios

訓読み- かみ
音読み- シン
Ejemplos
神(かみ) Dios
神道(しんとう) Shinto Religion
神社(じんじゃ) Shinto shrine
精神(せいしん) Mentality; espíritu (no se refiere al concepto del alma que vive después de la muerte, sino a la mentalidad que uno tiene en vida). Cuando se habla de objetos se refiere a la esencia de esa cosa
私は持ち前の頑張りの精神で難関を突破した。I got over the difficulty with my characteristic tenacity.
条約の精神が没却されていた The spirit of the treaty was ignored
君は精神を養わなくてはならない You must cultivate your mind
スコットさんは企業家精神に富む経営者なんです。Scott is an entrepreneur with much spirit of enterprise.
神経(しんけい) Nerve
神経系(しんけいけい) Sistema Nervioso
神経細胞(しんけいさいぼう) Neurona
陣形質(しんけいしつ) Nervous
彼女は入試を前にして神経質になっていた。 She was very nervous before the entrance exam
彼女は初めての飛行に大変神経異質になっていた。 She was quite nervous about her first flight.
神経に障る(しんけいにさわる) Get on my nerves
その雑音は、私神経に障る that noise gets on my nerves
そいつは僕の神経にさわる He gets on my nerves
神経の鈍い(しんけいのにぶい) thick skinned
神経が細い(しんけいがほそい) oversensitive
神秘的(しんぴてき) Occult; mysterious
モナリザは優しいが神秘的な微笑を浮かべている。Mona Lisa has a mild but mysterious smile
彼らは夜の神秘的な影響の下にあった。They were under the mysterious influence of the night
彼女にはどことなく神秘的なところがある。There’s something mysterious about her.
夜神月 Yagami Light uwu

整 Arreglar

訓読み- ととの
音読み- セイ
Ejemplos
整える(ととのえる) alistar; arreglar
ケンは毎朝自分でベッドを整えます。 Ken arregla/alista su cama todas las mañanas
みゆきはパーティーのためにテーブルを整えた。 Miyuki arregló/alistó la mesa para la fiesta
髪を整えないと。Debo arreglarme el cabello
姉は毎週、かみを整えてもらう。My sister has her hair dressed each week.
セッティングは整えておいたから、あとはまっくんが根性見せなきゃダメだからね。I’ve set the stage so now you just have to show some guts, OK?
さあパーティーの準備が全て整いました。
整う(ととのう) ser arreglado
さあパーティーの準備が全て整いました。 Los preparativos para la fiesta están listos
整理(せいり) Ordenar por lógica
いつも仕事場をきちんと整理しておきなさい。 Always keep your office tidy
僕は出かける前に自分の本を整理する時間がない。 I have no time to put my books in order before I go
私は弟にこの部屋を整理させた。Hice que mi hermano organizara este cuarto.
これは私に思考の整理の思考の整理の仕方を教えることになった。 Ésto fue para enseñarme a organizar mis pensamientos.
整頓(せいとん) Ordenar para que se vea limpio/bonito
部屋はとても散らかっている。整頓しなくてはならない。Mi cuarto está muy desarreglado, debo ordenarlo
彼は今部屋の中でものを整頓している。 He is now setting things in order in his room
お手伝いが私ベッドを整頓した。 The maid made my bed.
教室を整理整頓するようにと命じられた。 It was ordered that the classroom be put in order
調整(ちょうせい) Ajustar; calibrar; afinar
時計を調整しなければ。遅れているのだ。 I must adjust my watch, it’s slow.
自転車のブレーキを調整してもらった I had the brakes of my bicycle adjusted
彼はクラリネットを調整してもらった。He had his clarinet tuned.
音楽のボッリュームを調整したいのですが。How do I fix the volume
整備(せいび) maintenance; dar mantenimiento
車はいつも整備しておきなさい。You should always keep your car in good order
整形(せいけい) Cirugía plástica

世 Plano

訓読み- よ
音読み- セ
Ejemplos
世(よ) Plano existencial.
この世 El plano terrenal あの世 El otro mundo; plano espiritual
世の中(よのなか) sociedad; el mundo en el que vivimos y nos desarrollamos
世界(せかい) Mundo en general
世の中は瞬く間に変わるだろう The world will change in an instant
世の中は狭いものですね。It's a small world, isn't it?
世間(せけん) lo mismo que 世の中 pero un poco mas formal
お世話(おせわ) Molestia; ayuda
大変お世話になりました Muchísimas gracias por tomarte la molestia en ayudarme
私が海外にいる間、彼が猫の世話をしてくれるだろう He will look after the cats for me while I'm abroad
お世話をする look after someone
お世辞(おせじ) Flattery
彼は私にお世辞を言った。 He paid me a compliment
お世辞位にはきをつけよう。 Beware of smooth talk
世紀(せいき) Century

昔 Tiempo remoto

訓読み- むかし
音読み- セキ
Ejemplos
昔話(むかしばなし) Historia folklóricaa
昔々あるところに Hace mucho tiempo en cierto lugar…
昔日(せきじつ) Older days
アメリカ合衆国の経済力は昔日のようではない。The economic strength of the USA is not what it used to be

全 Todo

訓読み- すべ
音読み- ゼン
Ejemplos
全く(まったく) Expresión usada por si sola para expresar descontento
全然(ぜんぜん) Para nada (con verbo negativo) - Completamente (con verbo positivo)
彼はグランスうごは全然知らないい。El no sabe nada de francés
それは焦げている臭いとは全然ちがう. It’s quite distinct from the smell of burning
彼はその事件とは全然関係がなかった El no tenía nada que ver con el caso.
全く(まったく ) Lo mismo que 全然 pero 全く es mas formal y no tiene ninguna connotación emocional.
全部(ぜんぶ) Todo; todas las partes; All of it.
全て(すべて) Lo mismo que 全部 pero すべて Es mas formal
全員(ぜんいん) Todos los miembros del grupo
全国(ぜんこく) nation-wide; the whole country

送 Enviar

訓読み- あい
音読み- ソウ
Ejemplos
送る(おくる) Enviar
放送(ほうそう) Broadcast
見送る(みおくる) See off
送り仮名(おくりがな) Okurigana; el kana escrito después del kanji
郵送(ゆうそう) Mailing
その手紙は明日郵送されるだろう。 The letter will be mailed tomorrow

相 Partner

訓読み- あい
音読み- ソウ
Ejemplos
相手 (あいて) Persona con la que haces algo. Compañero de baile, contrincante de pelea, con quien conversas, etc.
相変わらず(あいかわらず) As always
相談(そうだん) Consejo
相撲 (すもう) Sumo (Deporte)
相当(そうとう) Considerable; remarcable
彼らの結婚費用は相当な物だった。Their wedding expenses were considerable
それを発明した教授は大学から相当の対価を受ける權利がある The professor who invented it has the right to considerable remuneration from the university.
鳥の翼は人間のう腕に相当する。 Las alas del pájaro se consideran equivalentes a los brazos de un hombre

想 Imaginación; idea de un concepto

Ejemplos
訓読み- おも
音読み- そう
想像(そうぞう) Imaginación; concepción de una idea
彼らは日本といえば富士山を想像する。They often associate Japan with Mt.Fuji.
仮設のない科学など想像もできない。 We cannot conceive science without a hypothesis
彼は依頼人がどんな人なのか想像してみた。HE tried to imagine what his client was like
想像に任せる Leave something to someone’s imagination
想像に難くない Easy to imagine
予想(よそう) anticipar; expectativa; data-based guess; pronóstico
開票は予想した通りだ。Elections returns were what we had expected
離婚率は上昇すると予想されている。The divorce rate is expected to rise
結果は彼の予想とは正反対だった。 The result was contrary to his expectations.
感想(かんそう) Impresión
それの感想は? Que impresión te dió?
彼の新しいヘアスタイルについてみんな何か感想を述べた。Todos expresaron la impresión que tuvieron de su nuevo corte de cabello.
連想(れんそう) Mental association
彼女の顔を見るとバラが連想させる。Se me viene a la mente una rosa cuando veo su vara.
私たちは政治家というと偽善を連想しがちだ。We tend to associate politicians with hypocrisy.
私はこの歌を聞くと彼の名を連想する。I couple this song with his name
思想(しそう) Ideas; ideología
私は彼の思想うには与しない。 I don’t support his ideas
言葉は思想を表すのに役立つ。Las palabras sirven para expresar ideas.
思想の自由 Freedom of thoughts

息 Breath

訓読み- いき
音読み- ソク
Ejemplos
息(いき) Breath
鼻で息ができません No puedo respirar por la nariz
息子(むすこ) Son; hijo
休息する(きゅうそくする) descansar; darse un respiro
彼は短い休息の後、仕事を再開した。Reanudó su trabajo después de un corto respiro
ため息をつく(ためいきをつく) breathe a sigh of relief
息を引き取る(いきをひきとるう) Dar el ultimo respiro (morirse)
消息(しょうそく) Noticias de alguien o algo
年賀賞のおかげで私たちは友達や親戚の消息がわかる Gracias a las cartas de año nuevo, podemos saber de nuestros amigos y relativos
彼はは3年前に家を出たきり全然消息がない。Desde que salió de casa hace 3 años no se ha sabido de él
利息(りそく) Intereses de banco $$$

速 Rápido

訓読み- はや・すみ
音読み- ソク
Ejemplos
速い(はやい) Rápido
高速道路(こうそくどうろ) Highway
急速に(きゅうそくに) De forma rápida
砂漠の砂は夜になると急速に冷える。La arena del desierto se enfría rápidamente por la noche
速やかに(すみやかに) Apresuradamente
早速(さっそく) ASAP
速度(そくど) Velocidad
素速い(すばやい) swift (motion); sharp (judgement); quick (to understand). También se puede escribir 素早い.
ボクサーにはすばやい身のこなしがが必要だ。Los boxeadores necesitan reflejos rápidos
彼はロシア語を素早く習得した。He acquired Russian very quickly

族 Tribu

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ゾク
ejemplos
家族(かぞく) Significa Ohana, lo cual significa familia, y tu familia nunca te abandona :’v
民族(みんぞく) Ethnic group, race
米国では多くの民族が生活うしている。Many races live together in the united states
コキリ族(こきりぞく) La tribu kokiri

他 Otro

訓読み- ほか
音読み- タ
ejemplos
他(ほか) Otro
そのほかのことならなんでもします。Haré todo menos eso
その他の点では正しい。It is otherwise correct
他人(たにん) Another person; others
他人を指すのは失礼なことです。Es de mala educación señalar con el dedo a otros.
他に(ほかに) In addition. Something/someone else.
その光景金額の他に、彼は私にまだ10ドルの借りがある。In addition to that sum, he still owes me ten dollars.
他に方法はありませんか。Is there any alternative to your method.
他に誰か休んでいたか Was anybody else absent.
日本では琵琶湖ほど大きな湖は他にない。 No other lake in Japan is as large as Lake Biwa
他方(たほう) The other
片方の本は薄く、他方は厚い。One book is thin, and the other is thick.

打 Dispararle; Darle

訓読み- う
音読み- No importa tanto
ejemplos
打つ(うつ) Darle (un balazo, un golpe, un madrazo, etc.
私はその男に腹を打った Le dí a ese hombre en el estómago
打ち上げる(うちあげる) Lanzar
ロケットは宇宙にう打ち上げられた El cohete fue lanzado al espacio
打ち勝つ(うちかつ) Superar
彼は自分の恐怖に打ち勝つことができる。El puede superar su miedo
彼は多くの困難に打ち勝った Ele superó muchas adversidades
新進ボクサーがチャンピオンに打ち勝った。 El nuevo boxeador superó al campeón
打ち負かす(うちまかす)
彼を打ち負かすのは不可能だ
どのチームも例外なく打ち負かされた Every team was defeated without exception
ケンはチェスで私を打ち負かした。Ken beat me at chess
打ち込む(うちこむ) Dedicarse; Clavar; darle duro; adentrarse
いたにくぎを打ち込んだ Clavó clavos en la tabla
彼女はsポーツに打ち込んでいる Ella está clavada en el deporte.
自分のことに打ち込みなさい Dedíquese a sus propios asuntos
打ち解ける(うちとける) Abrirse a otras personas
彼は従業員と打ち解けない。He is inaccessible to his employees
彼は打ち解けた He has come out of his shell
手を打つ(てをうつ) Dar una palmada; tomar medidas; darle
事態が悪化しないように即座に手を打った。We took action immediately so that things wouldn’t go worse.

待 Esperar

訓読み- タイ
音読み- ま
ejemplos
待つ(まつ) Esperar
期待(きたい) Expectation; Hope
待合室(まちあいしつ) Waiting room

第 Números Ordinales (Prefijo)

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- ダイ
ejemplos
第一(だいいち) Primero
第一位(だいいちい) First rank
第2話(だいにわ) Episodio 2
第7章(だいななしょう) Sépitmo capítulo (de un libro)
第二言語(だいにげんご) Segundo idioma

題 Asunto

訓読み- No Tiene
音読み- ダイ
ejemplos
題(だい) Titulo
この劇の題は「オセロ」です。El título de esta obra es “Othello”
「友情」とい題で作文を書きなさい。 Writee an essay on “friendship”.
「秘めたの恋」という題の作文で、メアリーは賞をもらった Mary received an award for her composition called “Secret Love”
問題(もんだい) Asunto; Problema, Cuestión
このような問題は扱いにくい。Such problem is hard to deal with
その問題は審議中です。Ese asunto está en discusión
その問題はまだ十分に探求されてうない。The subject has not yet been fully explored yet
センセ英達はその問題をめぐって賛否が分かれた。The teachers were divided on the issue
問題を取り上げる(もんだいをとりあげる) To take up a problem
問題を扱う(もんだいをあつかう) Deal with a Problem
問題を避ける(もんだいをさける) Avoid a problem
宿題(しゅくだい) Tarea (de la escuela)
宿題を遅れずに終えてホッとしている It’s a relief to have finished the assignment on time
宿題をしているうちに眠れこんでしまった。Me quedé dormido mientras hacía mi tarea
もう宿題を済ませたの。Ya acabaste tu tarea?
やっと宿題を仕上げた。 I finally worked through my homework
彼は夕飯の前に宿題を終えていた。He had his homework done before supper.
話題(わだい) Tema de conversación
話題を変える(わだいをかえる) Cambiar el tema de la conversación.

代 Periodo de tiempo

訓読み- か
音読み- ダイ
ejemplos
代わりに(代わりに) En lugar de; en vez de
石油の代わりにアルコールを使うべきだ。We should substitute alcohol for oil
このネバネバした流動体は接着剤の代わりになる El fluido pegajoso puede ser reemplazado por adhesivo.
その感は灰皿の代わりになる。Usaremos la lata en lugar del cenicero
そのラジオの代わりにライプライターをあげよう。Te daré mi maquina de escribir por tu radio.
私自身がいく代わりに息子に行かせます。I’ll get my son to go instead of going myself
その代わりに彼は自分のコンピューターを制御しているスイッチを操作した。 Instead, he worked a switch that controlled his computer
-代(だい) Contador para décadas
反抗的な態度は10代に特有なものである。 The defiant attitude is characteristic of teenagers.
トムは映画界にデビュウするとすぐに10代の若者の間で人気が出た。Tom se volvió popular entre adolescentes tan pronto hizo su debut en las películas.
メアリーは10代後半にアメリカ合衆国に渡った。Mary went over to the United States in her late teens
彼は老けて見えるが、まだ20代だ。Se ve viejo pero sigue en sus veintes
代金(だいきん) Precio; Cantidad ほんの代金を小切手で支払っても良いですか。Can I pay for the book by check?
彼はその場で代金を支払った。 He paid the money on the spot
ビデオの代金を5回に分けて払った。 Pagué por el video en 5 abonos
私は本の代金5ドルを払った。Pagué 5 dólares por el libro
-代(だい) Sufijo para gastos/cargos
毎月のガス代はいくらですか。How much is your monthly gas bill?
タクシー代は君と分担しよう。I will share with you the cost of the taxi
現代(げんだい) Nowadays; Hoy en día
古代(こだい) Ancient Times
時代(じだい) Época; Era
1990時代 Los noventas

対 Contra

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- タイ
ejemplos
に対して(たいして) Ante; contra
子供に対して短期を起こしてはいけない。No debes ser impaciente ante los niños
他人に対して優越感を持っては行けない。No te debes sentir superior ante otras personas.
彼は彼らに対して深い憎しみを抱いた。Desarrolló un odio profundo contra ellos
群衆は人種差別に対して抗議した。The crowd protested against racial discrimination
対(たい) Contra
メキシごが4対1で勝っている。Mexico va ganando 4 contra 1
賭け率2対1でレッドが勝つだろう。 The odds are teo-to-one that red will win.
絶対(ぜったい) Definitivamente; Absolutamente
絶対許さねぇ!NO TE LO PERDONAREEE
私はその案に絶対反対です。 Me opongo rotundamente a ese plan
審判の判定は絶対だ。La decisión del juez es definitiva.
アーア、絶対うまくいくと思ったのになあ Oh man, I was sure this was going to work out
反対(はんたい) Opuesto
対策(たいさく) Counter-measure
対策を講じる(こうじるをこうじる) Tomar medidas
交通事故の防止対策を講じなければならない。Debemos tomar medidas preventivas para evitar los accidentes de tráfico.
私ウイルス対策用ソフトウエアは不良品でした。 Creo que mi anti virus no sirve de nada

炭 Carbón

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- タン
ejemplos
石炭(せきたん) Carbón
二酸化炭素(にさんかたんそ) Dióxido de carbono

短 Corto

訓読み- みじか
音読み- タン
ejemplos
短い(みじかい) Corto (Longitud o tiempo)
その薬の結果は強烈だか短い Los effects de esa droga son intensos pero cortos.
ロープは、2〜3メーター短すぎた。The rope was a couple of meters too short
短所(たんしょ) Defecto
全ての人は長所と短所を持っている。Todas las personas tienen virtudes y defectos.
短期(たんき) Término corto
どんな語学も短期では無理だ。Whatever language you study, it takes time
短期契約社員達は予告なしに解雇された。The short term contract employees were dismissed without notice
手短 En pocas palabras; En breve
手短と言うと、君の悪いんだよ。En pocas palabras, es tu culpa
手短に意見を述べてください。 Please confine yourself to a short comment
短期(たんき) quick temper
彼は自分の短期でいつか困ったことになるだろう。His quick temper will get him in trouble one day.
子供に対して短期を起こしてはいけない。You shouldn’t be impatient with children
彼は彼の父親ほど短期ではない。He is less impatient than his father.

談 diálogo

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- ダン
Ejemplos
冗談(じょうだん) joke
相談(じょうだん) hablar con alguien para pedir su opinión de tu situación; consulta
私は姉に相談した。I consulted with my sister
依頼人は弁護士を相談した。El cliente habló con el abogado.
相談に乗る(そうだんにのる) give advice
いつでも相談に乗りますよ。You can count on me any time!
会談(かいだん) Dialogo entre personas importantes
平和会談は今週始まる。 The peace talks begin next week

着 weaarrive

訓読み- き・つ
音読み- チャク
Ejemplos
着る(きる) To wear. Nota: No see usa para sombreros ni pantalones. Para sombreros es かぶる y para pantalones y zapatos es はく.
下着(したぎ) underwear
着替えをする(きがえをする) Cambiarse la ropa
着物(きもの) Kimono :v
この黄色セーターを着てみませんか。Why don’t you try this yellow sweater?
彼女はかわいい水着を着ている。 She is in a cute swimsuit
昨日、何を着ていたか思い出せない。I don’t remember what I was wearing yesterday.
水着(みずぎ) Traje de baño
着く(つく) arrive; reach
彼らはたった今ついた。
私はあなたより先に駅に着くことができる I can beat you to the station.
私たちの列車は8時に大阪を出て、11時についた。 Our train Leeds Osaka at 8, arriving in Tokyo by eleven
私は毎朝9時に職場に着く。I report to work at 9 every morning
席に着く(せきにつく) Tomar asiento
到着(とうちゃく) Arrival! (Formal) Used by train stations, airports, etc.
到着が遅れます。I will be arriving late

注 Atención

訓読み- そそ
音読み- チュウ
Ejemplos
注ぐ(そそぐ) Vertir literalmente; metafóricamente vertir tus energías, tu amor, etc
私にお茶を少し注いで下さい Please pour me a little tea
彼は友人を助けることに全力を注いだ He invested his energies on helping his friend
子供に少し愛情を注いで見給え、すると君におびただしい愛情が戻ってくる Give a little love to a child, and you get a great deal back
降り注ぐ(ふりそそぐ) Rain incessantly
注意(ちゅうい) Tener cuidado; Advertir 注意 se usa mucho por si solo para decir CAUTION!
はしごを登るときには注意しなさい Be careful when you climb up the ladder
火のそばへ行かないようにって、何度注意したらわかるの。 How often do I have to tell you to keep away from the fire?
注意をひく(ちゅういをひく) llamar la atención
まず私注意を引いたのは哲学だった。La primera materia que llamó mi atención fue filosofía
彼女の美しい服が私注意を引いいた。Su hermoso vestido llamó mi atención
子供はただ注意をひきたくて泣くことが多い Children often cry just because they want attention.
注意を逸らす(ちゅういをそらす) Distraer
突然音がして彼らはゲームから注意をそらした。A sudden noise abstracted their attention from the game
注文(ちゅうもん) Pedido
朝食のメニューの中から注文してもいいですか。 Can I order from the breakfast menu?
私たちは、新しい本を何冊か海外に注文した We ordered some new books from abroad
私はその本がとても好きだったので友人のために10冊注文した I liked the book so much I ordered ten copies for friends.
私は電話でピザを注文した。Pedí una pizza por teléfono
注文をキャンセルしますので、キャンセル確認書をお送りください。Por favor cancele mi orden y mande confirmación de la cancelación.
注目(ちゅうもく) Prestar atención; Dar atención conscientemente. Nota: diferencia de 注意, 注目 no tiene el feeling de CUIDADO.
彼の言っていることに注目した I focused on what he was saying
姉は注目すべき英語の進歩を遂げた My sister has made remarkable progress in English
この本は注目に値する This book is worthy of attention
注目されている映画 - A movie people are paying attention to / a movie people are discussing / a hot new movie
注目を集める draw attention
奇術師は子供たちの注目を集めていた The magician had the children's attention

柱 Pilar

訓読み- はしら
音読み- チュウ
Ejemplos
柱(はしら) Pilar; Columna como de edificio griego
電柱(でんちゅう) Poste de luz

帳 Notebook

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- チョウ
Ejemplos
手帳(てちょう) Notebook
電話帳(でんわちょう) Directorio telefónico
几帳面(きちょうめん) Metódico
彼は几帳面な男だ。He is a methodical man
submitted by Zalogon to KanjiEntendible [link] [comments]


2019.10.16 19:46 LaTabernaDeRol [Recuento de Campaña] El Error de Odín - Parte 4/??

Misión 4 Volviendo sobre los pasos

La party decide volver al pueblo a ver qué pasó, pero les golpean la puerta de la casa. Son dos guardias que les dicen que la Reina los está esperando en el castillo. Con paja infinita, van hacia las escaleras infinitas y en el salón principal los espera la reina. Se presenta como Asdis y lo primero que notan es que está muy cambiada: La corona ahora le queda bien, tiene una espada para su tamaño a la cintura y está vestida como si fuera a entrenar. En cortas palabras les dice que siempre va a estar en deuda con ellos por todo lo que hicieron para ayudar al reino, los nombra Liberadores de la Ciudad y les regala un carruaje como muestra de su gratitud.
Con ese carruaje van al sur, su primera parada es Burfest. Ahí los reciben con los brazos abiertos, contentos de verlos y animados… hasta que preguntan por Harvard. Los llevan a ver a algunos sobrevivientes, entre ellos está Hammund, Hoja de Hielo. Es un guerrero de talla legendaria, del cual se dice que nació hijo de dragón y el rayo. Sobrevivió a 3 guerras y era parte de los consejeros de Reinn, su espada es Corazón de Invierno. Es un viejo hosco e irrverente, de pocas palabras y más jodido que la mierda. Les dice que el pueblo fue atacado en principio por 8 elfos oscuros, que por más que lucharon con todo lo que tenían, perdieron porque eran muy poderosos cuando llegaron más. Aunque le dicen que hay alguien vivo, Hammund lo niega: Ni Reinn sobrevivió, se quedó peleando mientras evacuaban las personas que podían.
Decidida, la party va hacia Harvard. Lo que encuentran les parte el corazón: El pueblo hecho ruinas por completo, solo hay desolación y tanto silencio... Hay rastros de fuego y batalla, pero los cadáveres que quedaron no desprenden olor porque están congelados. Encuentran restos de obsidiana y algunas cimitarras drows. En lo que era la plaza principal, la encuentran a la Earl: Con lanzas y cimitarras clavadas en el torso que la mantienen en la postura que murió, alrededor de ella hay varios drows muertos. La party decide tomarse un tiempo y enterrar a todos los del pueblo juntos. Empiezan el trabajo, llevan un par de horas cuando escuchan ruidos que se alejan de la zona de batalla. Renald avanza en modo sigilo y encuentra a un tipo con un carro tirado por un burro… el tipo está juntando las armas que hay tiradas. En un rápido movimiento, le pone una de sus dagas al cuello y le dice que se presente, mientras llegan los demás. El tipo parlotea boludeces más que tirar data, así que Guthrar, que ya bastante tenía con todo lo que había visto, lo agarra por el cuello y lo levanta del piso para agitarlo un poco. Él es del pueblo cerquita, ese del elfo Earl. Les cuenta que Reinn pidió ayuda pero nadie acudió a salvarlos.
La party está que quiere ir a llenarle la cara de bolas de fuego al Earl, así que se preparan para partir hacia Kelinhar. Llegan a la noche, se presentan en el salón principal sin mucha palabra de por medio. Arfast los atiende como siempre: Altanero y con cara de pingo. El chabón les confirma y un par de cosas, que sí, fueron drows los que atacaron Harvard y que no ayudaron porque es un pueblo pequeño y no tuvieron muchas chances de hacer nada. Pero más allá de eso, no sabe mucho, dice que puede mandar a sus servidores por información… Si lo ayudan con algo. A este punto tienen que hablar Beltari y Renald porque ni Dreki ni Guthrar tienen ganas de parlamentar una mierda. Arfast les cuenta lo siguiente: Hay un gnomo artífice en el pueblo que hace unos días desapareció de formas sospechosas, creen que fue asesinado por algo que inventó, pero no saben qué. El elfo quiere eso, el invento o los planos del invento. El Earl sospecha de cuatro personas:
-Rugtar, un leñador que trabajaba con el gnomo. Al parecer fue el último en ver al artífice.
-Vidalia, una dragonborn dorada, es una comerciante muy importante de Kelinhar.
-Beluar, un elfo bardo que suele contar historias malísimas de la gente y últimamente estuvo hablando mucho del gnomo en la taberna.
-Fester, un humano, que odia a los gnomos, enanos y medianos por igual.
Se van de ahí bastante indignados, pero deciden comenzar por la tienda del gnomo. No tardan en encontrarlo: Es el único lugar clausurado del mercado del pueblo, entran sin mucho miramiento y ven que está todo roto y dado vueltas alrededor. No entienden mucho de las cosas y planos que encuentran, pero es evidente que alguien estuvo revolviendo el lugar y sea lo que sea que haya buscado, lo encontró. De repente escuchan que atrás en lo que parece ser el taller, hay alguien. Avanzan preparados y cuando abren la puerta se chocan de frente contra un golem… Inmóvil, atrás un mediano los apunta con una escoba temblando de miedo. Rápidamente Beltari lo calma y le pregunta quién es. Se enteran que es el ayudante del gnomo, Gur, y que vino a limpiar porque ahora que no está el dueño no sabe qué va a hacer de su vida. Renald le deja al toque bien en claro que fue bastante estúpido en volver al lugar, es evidente que el que estuvo revolviendo podría aparecer de nuevo y llevárselo. El halfling les confiesa que no había pensando en eso. Dreki recomienda seguir la conversación en otro lugar y el mediano los invita a su casa: Resulta que ahora vive en la pequeña cuevita de piedras donde antes había vivido Piedra. El kokoro de todos cruje un poquito. Ahí se enteran por Gur que el gnomo estaba preocupado por lo que había inventado, que pensaba destruirlo, pero antes de que pudiera hacerlo desapareció. Le dicen al mediano que no es seguro que esté en el pueblo, le recomiendan que se vaya a Burfest, si va de parte de ellos va a ser bien recibido. Desconsolado y en silencio, Gur los mira uno a uno, es muy peligroso para él andar solo en la intemperie, hay águilas… Al principio ninguno entiende, hasta que Guthrar no puede evitar lanzar una carcajada: ¡Claro! ¡Es un mediano, las águilas pueden cazarlo! Así que la party decide que lo va a acompañar, no se preocupe. Pero primero tienen que ir a la taberna del lugar, hay un par de pistas que tienen que seguir. Por idea de Beltari esconden al mediano en el barril que tiene Renald, así nadie del pueblo lo ve y van a la taberna del pueblo para comer algo ya que ni descansaron y de camino hacia ahí deciden empezar por la dragonborn, porque además no hay rastros ni del bardo ni de ningún otro de los sospechosos. El tabernero les da la información que buscan y salen a buscar a la señorita Vidalia. Encuentran su tienda cerrada por la hora, pero llaman igual a la puerta, los atiende una extravagante dragonborn dorada de escamas super brillantes, una mina elegante y avispada. Beltari intenta tirar un hechizo para persuadirla, pero de la nada, siente que su lengua está pegada al paladar, quema como fuego… Sabe inmediatamente que fue la comerciante porque le guiña el ojo y sigue hablando con Renald. La mina no esquiva el asunto: Sí, todos saben del gnomo pero ella no tiene nada porque alguien se enteró antes. Obvio que tiene interés en lo que sea que el artífice haya hecho, porque es una cliente regular suya y además es a lo que se dedica, a vender cosas maravillosas. A pesar de todo, no parece estar mintiendo… Los ojos de elfo de Renald ubican entre todas las chucherías un par de aritos copados, y el semielfo pide verlos. Vidalia le comenta que son aritos que ayudan a escuchar secretos y le pide una suma extraordinaria que no acepta pagar. El rogue le devuelve los aros y se van. Cuando se alejan, les muestra que sólo devolvió uno, el otro ya lo tiene puesto en su oreja de semielfo.
Pero todo se va a la mierda: De repente el rogue escucha pasos y más adelante sus ojos de elfo detectan A DOS DROWS escabulléndose. Les dice rápido a todos que los va a seguir, Dreki lo marca para no perderle el rastro y le dicen que se adelante, así no hacen ruido. Renald se hace uno con las sombras. Los tres esperan y avanzan. Las pistas de Renald los llevan hasta el bosque que rodea Kelinhar. Se internan y Guthrar siente la presencia de algo malvado, denso y fuerte delante. Pasan por el costado de un cementerio y lo dejan para más tarde, porque de ahí no parece venir la maldad. En una parte frondosa y vieja del bosque comienzan a ver cuerpos de centauros por todos lados, parece una manada. Guthrar detecta que los cuerpos están llenos de cortes pero no sangran, como si hubiera sido absorbida. Beltari tira arcana y entiende que fueron utilizados para una especie de invocación o conjuro… Dreki les dice que Renald está a unos pasos más adelante. Y efectivamente, encuentran al rogue entablando una lucha que poco a poco va perdiendo contra los dos drows.
FIGHT FIGHT FIGHT.
La lucha sucede en un claro en el bosque, Renald se interpuso en el camino de los elfos oscuros porque frente a ellos hay un portal y un tercer drow que parece invocarlo. Los dos drows se escapan, Guthrar cura a Renald y se quedan peleando con el drow mago que, inmediatamente empieza a VOLAR LA CONCHA DE ODÍN, VOLAR. Nunca les había pasado nada parecido. Intentan de todo: Flechas, hachas, jabalinas… Cae Dreki cuando él y Beltari reciben una nube de veneno encima. La tiefling continúa mandando a Panchito a picar al drow. De repente se hace invisible y saben que se toma una poción para curarse… Lo ubica Beltari y recibe un hechizo que la deja inconsciente. Renald, Panchito y Guthrar corren hacia el drow que vuela sobre sus cabezas, solo Panchito sigue picándolo. Al rogue se le ocurre atar una soga a una flecha y bajarlo. Lo logra enganchar. Un hechizo del drow deja al rogue fuera de combate. Guthrar se encuentra en una disyuntiva: Retirarse o pelear. Puede llevarse solo a dos de sus compañeros… No tiene alternativa, entiende que ya es tarde para retirarse. Agarra la soga y tira del drow. Lo estampa contra el piso. Panchito lo pica con su aguijón. El fucking drow queda en 1 de vida, pero levanta las manos y tira una nube de veneno sobre la cabeza del paladín y todo se pone oscuro…
submitted by LaTabernaDeRol to LaTabernaDeRol [link] [comments]


2015.09.17 17:42 BryndenBFish (Spoilers All) Updates to the Winds of Winter Resource, Part 3

Intro

Hello and welcome back to the occasional updates to The Winds of Winter resource! It's been almost 4 months since I've done one of these, so let me briefly describe what this is. For the past year, I've attempted to compile any and all information about The Winds of Winter. I'm looking for any and every scrap of data about the book that either Martin, his publishers or others in the know have put out about the book. We can talk about opinions and predictions all day long, but it's fact and information I'm after. As information accumulates to a point, I try to release a self-post update.
Again, thank you to everyone here and elsewhere for pointing me in the right direction. And if you've missed out previously, here are the links to everything that I've been able to find so far:
All right, that out of the way, here's all the updates I've gotten since the original post and the first two update posts went up!

Writing Progress

  • GRRM reports having a lot of work and being way behind on everything. –
    Staying home was the right decision. I just got back from Chicago and the Dead shows, and before that it was Europe, and it is hardly as if HBO needed me in San Diego to represent... not with so much of our cast on hand. I have so much work to do, I am way behind on everything. - Notablog, 7/10/2015
  • GRRM is not writing ADOS alongside of TWOW
    Q: In Bubonicon you said you were writing the two last books Does that mean you've written a chapter of 'A Dream of spring'?
    GRRM: No. And I don't believe I said that. If I did, I misspoke. - Notablog comment, 9/1/2015
  • Alejo Cuervo (GRRM’s Spanish Publisher) expects TWOW in 2016.
    Radio Host: The sixth book will be out ?
    Cuervo: It is anticipated next year.
    Radio Host: In English, but: In Spanish when will it be?
    Cuervo: They had promised us that they will pass us the manuscript somewhat in advance of the date of release in English, so that there wont be a big difference.
    Radio Host: But anyway it will surely be next year, right?
    Cuervo: Yes, well, we'll see, sure ... a meteorite could fall. - English translation of a Radio Interview with Alejo Cuervo
  • GRRM simply responded to this by saying, "It will be done when it's done."

Confirmed/Read TWOW Chapters

  • Updated TWOW, Arianne II recount., h/t feldman10 who linked me to this a month or so ago.
    The chapter opens with a party of Dornish traveling across the Stormlands. Arianne is traveling to meet Jon Connington on behalf of her father.The Griffon's men have been raiding and plundering the area. While traveling Arianne has been seeking news. She's been sending her men into the inns for news.The news has been mostly ill but mostly sounds like lies.
    The plan is for her to travel to Mistwood, then across the Rainwood to Griffon's Roost. The Rainwood is described in great details with several kinds of trees, including weirwood. The going is quite slow. Arianne is amused by the arguments between the maester and the septon accompanying her. Doran used to remark that the differences between septons and maesters are like the differences between Dorne and the Stormlands.
    Besides septon, maester, and her guards, she is also accompanied by by Elia Sand and Daemon Sand. Nym and Tyene had also left Dorne with 300 spears and the Princess Myrcella. Doran decided to send her home but her betrothed Prince Trystane has stayed in Sunspear. Arianne also thinks of her other brother Quentyn. She's quite doubtful that Queen Daenerys will like her brother.
    While making camp, they lose track of Elia Sand. Searchers are sent and she is later found in a cave that Arianne belives was once inhabited by the Children of the Forest. Elia is berated by Arianne in a manner much like Doran Martell might have done. Later she asks Daemon what her father was thinking to send Elia with them. Bemused, Sand answers, "Vengeance."
    They arrive at Mistwood, which isn't flying it's banners. They head to the castle and are met by Young Jon Mudd and Chains who take her to the castle. She is told that the Halfmaester is at the Roost but Lord Connington is on the march. She's unable to get the sell-swords to tell her where he is marching to. They stay a bit, long enough for Elia Sand to get in trouble for making out with a servant named Feathers.
    Chains accompanies Arianne's party on their march through eight days of rain. Chain is more forthcoming without Young Jon Mudd's presence. He regales her many sellsword tales. He finally lets slip that Connington is marching on Storm's End. Arianne and Daemon Sand are perplexed on how Connington can possible take the castle
    Lysono Maar joins the party and he instantly creeps Arianne out, They do banter back and forth. She thinks of cyvasse and that the Golden Company has it's elephant but no dragon. She has ravens with her and sends her father messages on a regular basis.
    They finally arrive at the Roost and Arianne is introduced to the Halfmaester. While there she learns she is to be sent to Storm's End because it has fallen. She does not learn how it fell. An army from King's Landing is now on the march and is descending on Storm's End. The army apparently is a Tyrell one and she does not think too much of them.
    On the other hand, Daemon Sand is wary and he urges Arianne not to go. However, she decides to go because she wants to meet Connington and Aegon. Sand then advises her to send him instead but Arianne refuses him. She must go because she must be her father's heir.
  • Jon Connington semi-confirmed as a POV chapter.
    Okay, this one bears a little explanation as to why I'm now calling Jon Connington semi-confirmed. Back when writing ADWD, GRRM cut 2 Arianne chapters from ADWD to TWOW. But in cutting them, he explained his rationale:
    I've restructured again, and put the original precipitating event back close to the end of the book. Which means the Arianne chapters can be returned to WINDS, where I had 'em originally. It also means that I don't have to write that third Arianne chapter and the complementary chapter from the other POV... not yet, anyway... which moves DANCE two chapters closer to completion.
    Bad news for those who want DANCE to be really, really, really long, as long as STORMS OF SWORDS or longer. This move makes DANCE four chapters (two written, one partly written, one entirely unwritten) shorter.
    What this means is that GRRM had 2 written Arianne chapters, 1 unwritten Arianne chapter and a partially-written mystery POV chapter. The only POV character that would complement Arianne's third chapter (the chapter where she meets Aegon at Storm's End) is... Jon Connington. A case could be made that it's a Cersei chapter, but 1) GRRM wasn't reticent in confirming Cersei chapters in ADWD on notablog and more impotantly 2) Jon Connington is the only POV chapter in any proximity to where Arianne ends up at the end of Arianne II.
    Now, big caveat: while GRRM's original plan in 2010 was for a Jon Connington chapter to complement Arianne's meeting with Aegon, but who knows whether and how GRRM's plan might have changed in the last 5 years.

Plot Points that GRRM has Confirmed

  • GRRM apparently told David Benioff and Dan Weiss that Shireen would die in TWOW.
  • When asked about Stannis' fate, GRRM told a questioner that Stannis was "unquestionably alive."
  • There are a number of characters dead in the show who are alive in the books and will make it to the end. Link
  • GRRM decided on how he would kill a character in TWOW while he was in Hamburg, Germany.
    “There’s this character, which I always knew that they would die, from the moment of their introduction to them was doomed to die. But I did not know how she would die. Since last night, I know it. Maybe it was Hamburg, no idea.” Link

Miscellaneous TWOW Info

Crowdsourcing More Info

Again, I want to thank everyone for finding more information, linking it here on /asoiaf and elsewhere
I'm sure there's more info out there that I haven't found yet. So, I appeal to you all again: if you know of or come across any scrap of info, any reference that GRRM, his editors/publishers or those in the know have on TWOW, even things that you think is unimportant, send them along to me! I'll credit you as the source (if you want!) and love you for it.
Anyways, thanks much for reading and for helping in the past and hopefully the future!
submitted by BryndenBFish to asoiaf [link] [comments]